dcsimg
Nigrofomes
provided by wikipedia EN

Nigrofomes is a genus of fungi in the family Polyporaceae. It was circumscribed by mycologist William Alphonso Murrill in 1904 with N. melanoporus as the type and only species. This fungus, first described as Polyporus melanoporus from collections made in Cuba, is common in tropical America.[1] N. nigrivineus, found in Papua New Guinea, was added to the genus in 2013.[2] The genus name combines the Latin word niger ("black") with the name Fomes.[3]

Description

Murrill described the characteristics of the genus as follows: "Hymenophore large, perennial, epixylous, sessile; context woody, purple, tubes cylindrical, stratose, thick-walled, black; pores ovoid, smooth, hyaline." He noted that Nigrofomes was distinguished from similar genera by its purple context and black tubes.[1]

Chemistry

Drimane-type sesquiterpenes called nigrofomins have been isolated from the fruit bodies of Nigrofomes melanoporus.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Murrill, W.A. (1904). "The Polyporaceae of North America: VIII. Hapalopilus, Pycnoporus and new monotypic genera". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 31 (8): 415–428..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Hattori, Tsutomu; Sotome, Kozue (2013). "Type studies of the polypores described by E.J.H. Corner from Asia and West Pacific Areas VIII. Species described in Trametes (2)". Mycoscience. 54 (4): 297–308. doi:10.1016/j.myc.2012.10.008.
  3. ^ Donk, M.A. (1960). "The generic names proposed for Polyporaceae". Persoonia. 1 (2): 173–302.
  4. ^ Chan, Hsiu-Hui; Juang, Shin-Hun; Thang, Tran Dinh; Chen, Min-Yu; Kuo, Ping-Chung; Yan, Mei-Lin; Ngan, Nguyen Thi; Linh, Nguyen Ngoc; Wu, Tian-Shung (2012). "Drimane-type sesquiterpenes with a dioxabicyclooctane skeleton from the fruiting bodies of Nigrofomes melanoporus and their cytotoxicity". Planta Medica. 78 (7): 737–739. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1298367. PMID 22437245.


Stub iconThis Polyporales-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
 title=
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
ID
4c1a6e881cf83009a23edc399fb0f9d6
Nigrofomes: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Nigrofomes is a genus of fungi in the family Polyporaceae. It was circumscribed by mycologist William Alphonso Murrill in 1904 with N. melanoporus as the type and only species. This fungus, first described as Polyporus melanoporus from collections made in Cuba, is common in tropical America. N. nigrivineus, found in Papua New Guinea, was added to the genus in 2013. The genus name combines the Latin word niger ("black") with the name Fomes.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
ID
139e3866a3a3fc2f0586ff772f80e6b4