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Morphology

    Morphology
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    Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 10; Anal spines: 9 - 10; Analsoft rays: 9 - 11; Vertebrae: 26
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    i18n: Recorder
    Armi G. Torres
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    ID
    FB-Morphology-12801

Diagnostic Description

    Diagnostic Description
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    Diagnosis: snout blunt; jaws weakly protrusible (ascending process of premaxilla short, not reaching anterior border of orbit). Pelvic fins darkly pigmented; labyrinth composed of single unfolded plate; body and head dark brown, flanks sometimes mottled (Ref. 57414, 93191). Caudal spot present; 16-18 (mode 17) pored scales in upper lateral line (Ref. 57414, 93191), 9-12 in lower (Ref. 93191). 10-16 scales on right operculum; scales in vertical series 3.5-4.5/8-9; interorbit into head length 3.2-3.7 (Ref. 93191).Description: labyrinth organ substantially reduced in size and complexity compared to other Ctenopoma; 1 cephalic pore in interocular space; 16-19 scales in upper lateral line; 9-12 scales in lower lateral line; 3-4 scales above anterior end of upper lateral line, 3.5-4.5 above posterior end of upper lateral line, 8-9 below upper lateral line; operculum serrated, suboperculum sometimes serrated; interoperculum and preoperculum rarely serrated; 16 soft rays in caudal fin (Ref. 57414).Coloration: ground colour dark chocolate brown, often broken by light brown mottling on flank and head; ground colour extends onto unpaired fins, which usually have transparent distal borders; pelvic fins always darkly pigmented; belly and throat light tan and may be marked with dark mottling and/or crossed by several irregular dark bars; underside of mandible at snout with a dark brown bar; some specimens with a narrow, pale vertical bar extending from base of dorsal fin to just posterior of pelvic-fin base, and streaks of dark pigment posterior to eye or at angle of jaw; young specimens (36 mm SL) overall darkly pigmented, with random light flecks on flank, and transparent borders to unpaired fins (Ref. 57414).
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    i18n: Recorder
    Armi G. Torres
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    ID
    FB-DiagnosticDescr-12801

Threats

    Threats
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    Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(ii)+2ab(ii))
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    Pascualita Sa-a
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    ID
    FB-Threats-12801

Benefits

    Importance
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    fisheries:
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    i18n: Recorder
    Pascualita Sa-a
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    ID
    FB-Uses-12801