dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

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Males light blue, females brown-beige or orange-red in color; lacking broad vertical bars on body (Ref. 40897),
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Trophic Strategy

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Found in rocky areas (Ref. 40897). Males territorial (Ref. 40897). Feeds on algae (Ref. 40897).
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Grace Tolentino Pablico
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Biology

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Found in rocky areas (Ref. 40897). Males territorial (Ref. 40897). Feeds on algae (Ref. 40897). Aquarium keeping: many females for one male; minimum aquarium size 120 cm (Ref. 51539).
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Importance

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aquarium: commercial
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Maylandia estherae

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Maylandia estherae (the Red zebra mbuna, Red zebra cichlid , or Esther Grant's zebra) is a haplochromine cichlid. It is a rock dwelling fish or mbuna from Lake Malawi. This fish, like most cichlids from Lake Malawi, is a mouthbrooder - females hold their fertilized eggs then fry in their mouths until they are released after about 21 days.

Taxonomy and naming

The genus name for this fish was once Pseudotropheus but that name is now restricted to different fish. Most ichthyological taxonomists place the species in Maylandia, though Ad Konings and thus much of the aquarium-related literature use Metriaclima instead.[3][4][5] The specific name of this fish honours Esther Grant, the wife of the cichlid exporter Stuart M. Grant.[6]

Distribution

Maylandia estherae is endemic to Lake Malawi. Mainly in the north and northwest parts of the lake.

Description

Females can grow up to 10 cm (4 in) while males will grow up to 12.7 cm (5.0 in).

Despite their "red zebra" name, wild males most commonly are blue. Wild females are orange to bright orange. Captive fish are available in numerous color including orange or blue males and females.

In the aquarium

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Male with egg spots

The males are territorial, and subordinate males will be picked on by the dominant or alpha male. Like the other cichlids of this genus, they are best kept in tanks harems with one male to many females. Like any cichlid you must put many other mbuna cichlids preferably 15. You should get 75-100 gallon tanks. They prefer a rocky terrain providing numerous hiding places, where weaker fish can find necessary shelter. They also arrange pebbles more often than other aquarium fish which should be smooth to avoid injury to their mouths, in an effort to build a “dwelling”. Their predominate food source is algae though those in aquariums will take typical cichlid foods and some vegetable greens as a treat. Do not feed them live foods or they will bloat which may prove fatal (do not feed high protein foods as they grow very fast anyway). pH 7.5-8.5, hard 150–200 mg/l, temp. 72-79 F (22-26 C).

See also

References

  1. ^ Konings, A. (2018). "Metriaclima estherae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2018: e.T61140A47236689. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61140A47236689.en.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Maylandia estherae" in FishBase. October 2018 version.
  3. ^ Smith, M. (2000). Lake Malawi Cichlids. Barron's Educational Series. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-7641-1525-7.
  4. ^ Smith, P. "Evolution of Lake Malawi Cichlid Fishes" (PDF). p. 40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
  5. ^ Harrington, B. "Metriaclima estherae". Retrieved 2009-02-20.
  6. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (4 December 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamily PSEUDOCRENILABRINAE (l-o)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
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Maylandia estherae: Brief Summary

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Maylandia estherae (the Red zebra mbuna, Red zebra cichlid , or Esther Grant's zebra) is a haplochromine cichlid. It is a rock dwelling fish or mbuna from Lake Malawi. This fish, like most cichlids from Lake Malawi, is a mouthbrooder - females hold their fertilized eggs then fry in their mouths until they are released after about 21 days.

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