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Perenniporia
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Perenniporia is a cosmopolitan genus of bracket-forming or crust-like polypores in the family Polyporaceae. They are dimitic or trimitic with smooth, thick-walled basidiospores and cause a white rot in affected wood.

Taxonomy

Perenniporia was proposed by American mycologist William Alphonso Murrill in 1943 to contain two species formerly placed in Poria, a genus formerly used to contain all crust-like poroid fungi. His description of the genus was: "Hymenophore become perennial, riding; context white or yellow; tubes pinkish, white or yellow, stratose in older specimens; spores hyaline."[2] Murrill's concept was to move the species with annual fruit bodies (Poria unita and Poria nigriscens) into Perenniporia, retaining Poria for those that produced perennial fruit bodies.[3] The genus name combines the Latin word perennis ("perennial") with the genus name Poria.[4]

Murrill's designated type species, P. unita, had a broad and poorly defined species concept that included other species, including Perenniporia medulla-panis. Additionally, P. unita was discovered to be a nomen dubium, which also threatened the validity of the genus Perenniporia. To remedy this nomenclatural instability, Cony Decock and Joost Stalpers proposed to conserve Perenniporiella with P. medulla-panis as the type.[3]

Although Truncospora has traditionally been considered a synonym of Perenniporia, molecular phylogenetic analysis shows that it is genetically unique and worthy of recognition as a distinct genus.[5] Genera that have been segregated from Perenniporia include Perenniporiopsis[6] and Perenniporiella.[7]

Species

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Perenniporia chroleuca
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Perenniporia subacida
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Perenniporia stipitata is named for its prominent stipe, a feature that is rare in genus Perenniporia.[8]

A 2008 estimate placed 60 species in the genus.[9] As of January 2018[update], Index Fungorum accepts 100 species of Perenniporia:[10]

References

  1. ^ "Synonymy: Perenniporia Murrill". Species Fungorum. Retrieved 2018-01-03..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Murrill, W.A. (1943). "Florida resupinate polypores". Mycologia. 34 (5): 595–596.
  3. ^ a b Decock, Tony; Stalpers, Joost (2006). "Studies in Perenniporia: Polyporus unitus, Boletus medulla-panis, the nomenclature of Perenniporia, Poria and Physisporus, and a note on European Perenniporia with a resupinate basidiome". Taxon. 55 (3): 759–778. doi:10.2307/25065650. JSTOR 25065650.
  4. ^ Donk, M.A. (1960). "The generic names proposed for Polyporaceae". Persoonia. 1 (2): 173–302.
  5. ^ a b Zhao, C.-L.; Cui, B.-K.; Dai, Y.-C. (2013). "New species and phylogeny of Perenniporia based on morphological and molecular characters". Fungal Diversity. 58 (1): 47–60. doi:10.1007/s13225-012-0177-6.
  6. ^ Wu, Zi-Qiang; Liu, Wei-Li; Wang, Zheng-Hui; Zhao, Chang-Lin (2017). "Perenniporiopsis, a new polypore genus segregated from Perenniporia (Polyporales)". Cryptogamie, Mycologie. 38 (3): 285–299. doi:10.7872/crym/v38.iss3.2017.285.
  7. ^ Decock, Cony; Ryvarden, Leif (2003). "Perenniporiella gen. nov. segregated from Perenniporia, including a key to neotropical Perenniporia species with pileate basidiomes". Mycological Research. 107 (1): 93–103. doi:10.1017/S0953756202006986. PMID 12735249.
  8. ^ a b Ryvarden, L. (1987). "New and noteworthy polypores from tropical America". Mycotaxon. 28 (2): 525–541.
  9. ^ Kirk, P.M.; Cannon, P.F.; Minter, D.W.; Stalpers, J.A. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 508. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  10. ^ Kirk, P.M. "Species Fungorum (version 20th December 2018). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  11. ^ Jang, Y.; Jang, S.; Lim, Y.W.; Kim, J.-J. (2015). "Perenniporia koreana, a new wood-rotting basidiomycete from South Korea". Mycotaxon. 130: 173–179. doi:10.5248/130.173.
  12. ^ Huang, Fu-Cheng; Liu, Bin; Wu, Hao; Shao, Yuan-Yuan; Qin, Pei-Sheng; Li, Jin-Feng (2017). "Two new species of aphyllophoroid fungi (Basidiomycota) from southern China". Mycosphere. 8 (6): 1270–1282. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/8/6/12. open access publication – free to read
  13. ^ Liu, Wei-Li; Xu, Tai-Min; Shen, Shan; Liu, Xiang-Fu; Sun, Yang; Zhao, Chang-Lin (2017). "Perenniporia puerensis sp. nov. from southern China". Mycotaxon. 132 (4): 867–874. doi:10.5248/132.867.
  14. ^ Decock, C.; Ryvarden, L. (2015). "Nomenclatural novelties" (PDF). Index Fungorum (234): 1. ISSN 2049-2375.
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Perenniporia: Brief Summary
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Perenniporia is a cosmopolitan genus of bracket-forming or crust-like polypores in the family Polyporaceae. They are dimitic or trimitic with smooth, thick-walled basidiospores and cause a white rot in affected wood.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
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Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN
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9e5358a0c752040419f214ebfd97d7f6