dcsimg

Brief Summary

    Miturgidae: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Miturgidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, including nearly 160 species in about 33 genera worldwide.

    The family has been substantially revised, with several genera previously placed here, including the large genus Cheiracanthium, transferred to the Eutichuridae. The family Zoridae has been placed here as the subfamily Zorinae.

    Brief Summary
    provided by EOL authors

    The spider family Miturgidae (prowling spiders) includes 371 described species (Platnick 2013). A dozen of these species occur in North America north of Mexico; of these, Cheiracanthium is widepread, Strotarchus piscatorius occurs along the east coast, and the other species are southern (Ubick and Richman 2005).

    Miturgids are wandering hunters found in forests, scrub, and rocky deserts. Most are ground dwellers and are found under rocks and plant detritus. Some species may fuel their active lifestyles by supplementing their diets with nectar (Taylor and Pfannenstiel 2008). The life cycle of one of the best know miturgids, Cheiracanthium inclusum, was studied by Peck and Whitcomb (1970). This species can be common in some agricultural crops (where it may be beneficial to farmers by consuming caterpillars and other pest insects). It is also common in houses, where it constructs white sac-like retreats, which may vary in form depending on whether they are to be used for resting, molting, mating, breeding, or hibernating. Despite some claims to the contrary, Cheiracanthium bites are apparently no worse than a bee or wasp sting (Fasan et al. 2008; Vetter and Isbister 2008), although in at least some cases symptoms may be quite unpleasant (e.g., Papini 2012).

    Many of the species currently placed in the family Miturgidae were formerly included within Clubionidae (a placement some recent authors have also endorsed) and share with clubionids conical spinnerets, claw tufts, and the construction of silk retreats. Like spiders in many other families, a miturgid's eight eyes are arranged in two rows of four. The taxonomic history of this group was reviewed by Ubick and Richman (2005).

    (Ubick and Richman 2005 and references therein; Bradley 2013)

Comprehensive Description

    Miturgidae
    provided by wikipedia

    Miturgidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, including nearly 160 species in about 33 genera worldwide.

    The family has been substantially revised, with several genera previously placed here, including the large genus Cheiracanthium, transferred to the Eutichuridae. The family Zoridae has been placed here as the subfamily Zorinae.[2]

    Genera

    As of October 2015[update], the World Spider Catalog accepted the following genera:[3]

    See also

    References

    1. ^ "Currently valid spider genera and species", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2015-10-03.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Ramírez, Martín (2014). The morphology and phylogeny of Dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390, 1–374.
    3. ^ "Family: Miturgidae Simon, 1886", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2015-10-02