Ochyroceratidae is a six-eyed spider family, with 154 described species in 14 genera.
Ochyroceratids are common inhabitants of the tropical forest litter and caves in South Africa, the Caribbean and Asia, especially species rich in the Indo-Pacific, where they constitute one of the ecological counterparts of the Linyphiidae of the northern temperate zone.
They build small, irregular sheet-webs in dark, damp places around leaves, sticks and logs, and typically carry their eggs in their chelicerae until they hatch. Their body length ranges from 0.6 to 3 millimeters. Some species with very long legs (Althepus, Leclercera) are superficially similar to Pholcidae.
At least one species in the genus Theotima (the only 0.9mm long T. minutissima) was shown to be parthenogenetic.