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Astraptes
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Astraptes is the genus of flasher butterflies. They belong to the skipper butterfly subfamily Eudaminae, which was long included with the spread-winged skippers (Pyrginae) as a tribe. They are found in the Nearctic and Neotropical ecozones.

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Astraptes and related genera depicted in Adalbert Seitz's Macrolepidoptera of the World

Species include:

References

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  • Bell, E.L., 1956: Descriptions of some new species of neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates 1778: 1-13.
  • Brower, A.V.Z. 2006: Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: ‘ten species’ of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Systematics and biodiversity, 4(2): 127–132.
  • Brower, A.V.Z. 2010: Alleviating the taxonomic impediment of DNA barcoding and setting a bad precedent: names for ten species of ‘Astraptes fulgerator’ (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae) with DNA-based diagnoses. Systematics and biodiversity, 8(4): 485–491.
  • Hübner, 1819: Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge 7: 103.pdf
  • Freeman, 1967: Three new species of Hesperiidae from Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists's Society 21: 115-119.
  • Freeman, H.A., 1969: Records, new species, and a new genus of Hesperiidae from Mexico (Supplement 2). The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23 (suppl. 2): 1-64.
  • Steinhauser, S.R., 1989: Taxonomic notes and descriptions of new taxa in the neotropical Hesperiidae. Part I. Pyrginae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 127: 1-70.

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Astraptes: Brief Summary
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Astraptes is the genus of flasher butterflies. They belong to the skipper butterfly subfamily Eudaminae, which was long included with the spread-winged skippers (Pyrginae) as a tribe. They are found in the Nearctic and Neotropical ecozones.

 src= Astraptes and related genera depicted in Adalbert Seitz's Macrolepidoptera of the World

Species include:

Astraptes alardus (Stoll, 1790) – frosted flasher – Mexico to Colombia, Brazil A. alardus alardus Suriname, Venezuela A. alardus habana (Lucas, 1857) Cuba A. alardus heriul (Mabille & Boullet, 1912) Dominican Republic A. alardus latia Evans, 1952 Mexico, Costa Rica A. alardus aquila Evans, 1952 Colombia Astraptes alector (C. & R. Felder, 1867) – Gilbert's flasher A. alector alector Colombia A. alector hopfferi (Plötz, 1881) Mexico, Central America, Peru Astraptes anaphus (Cramer, [1777]) – yellow-tipped flasher – South America, Greater Antilles to south Texas A. anaphus anaphus Suriname, Brazil (Bahia) A. anaphus anausis (Godman & Salvin, 1896) St. Vincent, Grenada, Dominica, Hispaniola, Cuba, Jamaica A. anaphus aniza Evans, 1952 Peru A. anaphus annetta Evans, 1952 Mexico, Costa Rica A. anaphus anoma Evans, 1952 Trinidad Astraptes apastus (Cramer, [1777]) Guiana, Guyane, Brazil, Peru, Trinidad, Mexico A. apastus apastus Suriname A. apastus pusa Evans, 1952 Brazil (Bahia) Astraptes aulus (Plötz, 1881) Panama to Brazil Astraptes brevicauda (Plötz, 1886) Belize, Panama, Nicaragua, Peru Astraptes cassander (Fabricius, 1793) Cuba, Costa Rica Astraptes chiriquensis (Staudinger, 1876) Panama to Colombia A. chiriquensis chiriquensis Mexico, Panama, Nicaragua A. chiriquensis meretrix (Hewitson, 1876) Ecuador A. chiriquensis oenander (Hewitson, 1876) Brazil (Pará) A. chiriquensis erana Evans, 1952 Ecuador Astraptes cretatus (Hayward, 1939) A. cretatus cretatus Ecuador, Brazil (Amazonas) A. cretatus adoba Evans, 1952 Brazil (Espírito Santo) Astraptes creteus (Cramer, [1780]) Mexico to Amazon Brazil A. creteus creteus Suriname A. creteus siges (Mabille, 1903) Brazil A. creteus crana Evans, 1952 south Mexico to Guatemala A. creteus crilla Evans, 1952 Ecuador A. creteus cyprus Evans, 1952 Bolivia Astraptes egregius (Butler, 1870) – small-spotted flasher – Mexico to Colombia, Trinidad A. egregius egregius A. egregius coxeyi (Williams, 1931) Ecuador Astraptes elorus (Hewitson, 1867) Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Astraptes enotrus (Stoll, [1781]) Guiana, Guyane, Suriname, Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Trinidad Astraptes erycina (Plötz, 1881) Brazil Astraptes fulgerator – two-barred flasher – south Texas, Mexico to Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Trinidad A. fulgerator fulgerator Suriname, Peru A. fulgerator azul Reakirt, [1867]) Texas, Mexico, Bolivia Astraptes fulgor Hayward, 1939) Argentina Astraptes galesus (Mabille, 1888) A. galesus galesus Peru, Ecuador A. galesus cassius Evans, 1952 Costa Rica Astraptes halesius (Hewitson, 1877) French Guiana, Peru Astraptes jaira (Butler, 1870) West Indies, Jamaica Astraptes janeira (Schaus, 1902) Brazil, Suriname, Colombia, Paraguay Astraptes latimargo (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869) A. latimargo latimargo Panama A. latimargo bifascia (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869) A. latimargo tinda Evans, 1952 Brazil (Pará) Astraptes mabillei Steinhauser, 1989 Bolivia Astraptes megalurus (Mabille, 1877) Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia Astraptes naxos (Hewitson, 1867) Brazil, Colombia Astraptes palliolum (Druce, 1908) Costa Rica Astraptes phalaecus (Godman & Salvin, [1893]) Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica Astraptes talus (Cramer, [1777]) Central America to Brazil, Suriname, Cuba Astraptes tucuti (Williams, 1927) Mexico, Panama Astraptes xagua (Lucas, 1857) A. xagua xagua Cuba A. xagua christyis (Sharpe, 1898) Dominican Republic
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