Ispidina is a genus of small insectivorous African river kingfishers. The genus was introduced by the German naturalist Johann Jakob Kaup in 1848. The type species is the African pygmy kingfisher (Ispidina picta). The genus Ispidina is the sister group to the genus Corythornis containing four small African kingfishers.
The two species in the genus are:African pygmy kingfisher, Ispidina picta African dwarf kingfisher, Ispidina lecontei
These similar small kingfishers can be distinguished by the blue crown of the African pigmy kingfisher. They have different habit preferences and have mostly non-overlapping ranges. The slightly smaller African dwarf kingfisher occurs in tropical rainforests while the African pygmy kingfisher occurs in dry grassy woodland.