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Elaphomyces

provided by wikipedia EN

Elaphomyces (‘deer truffles’) is a genus of hypogeous fungi in the family Elaphomycetaceae. The widespread genus contains 25 truffle-like species.[2] Elaphomyces is one of the most important ectomycorrhizal fungal genera in temperate and subarctic forest ecosystems.[3] E. asperulus, E. granulatus, and E. muricatus were found to accumulate arsenic (12–660 mg/kg in dry mass); the composition of organoarsenicals is very unusual, with methylarsonic acid and trimethylarsine oxide as major As compounds.[4]

Species

References

  1. ^ "Elaphomyces Nees 1820". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  3. ^ Paz, A.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Lavoise, C.; Molia, A.; Ławrynowicz, M.; Larsson, E.; Ibarguren, I.O.; Jeppson, M.; Læssøe, T. (2017-06-30). "The genus Elaphomyces (Ascomycota, Eurotiales): a ribosomal DNA-based phylogeny and revised systematics of European 'deer truffles'". Persoonia. 38 (1): 197–239. doi:10.3767/003158517x697309. PMC 5645184. PMID 29151633.
  4. ^ Braeuer, Simone; Borovička, Jan; Goessler, Walter (2018-02-12). "A unique arsenic speciation profile in Elaphomyces spp. ("deer truffles")—trimethylarsine oxide and methylarsonous acid as significant arsenic compounds". Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 410 (9): 2283–2290. doi:10.1007/s00216-018-0903-3. ISSN 1618-2642. PMC 5849658. PMID 29430602.
  5. ^ a b Castellano MA, Henkel TW, Miller SL, Smith ME, Aime MC (2012). "New Elaphomyces species (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from Guyana". Mycologia. 104 (5): 1244–9. doi:10.3852/12-061. PMID 22505430.
  6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. deer, hart, lycoperdon
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Elaphomyces: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Elaphomyces (‘deer truffles’) is a genus of hypogeous fungi in the family Elaphomycetaceae. The widespread genus contains 25 truffle-like species. Elaphomyces is one of the most important ectomycorrhizal fungal genera in temperate and subarctic forest ecosystems. E. asperulus, E. granulatus, and E. muricatus were found to accumulate arsenic (12–660 mg/kg in dry mass); the composition of organoarsenicals is very unusual, with methylarsonic acid and trimethylarsine oxide as major As compounds.

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