Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description


    Sexual Dimorphism
    provided by Fairbairn 2013
    Females larger than males (up to 3 times longer and 15 times larger by volume); also Sexual Dimorphism in proboscis shape, number and pattern of proboscis hooks, trunk spination, and genital papillae; males mature earlier and die more rapidly than females. Also dwarf males 1/64th the size of females) in some species.