dcsimg

Brief Summary

provided by EOL authors

The spider family Segestriidae includes 119 described species, seven of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Ubick 2005; Platnick 2014). In the United States, Ariadna bicolor is the most widespread species, ranging from Maine to central Florida and west to southern California. The three other Ariadna species in the U.S. have restricted distributions there: Ariadna arthuri is found in southern Florida, Ariadna pilifera is found in Arizona, and Ariadna fidicina is found along the coast of southern California. The other segestriid genus found in the U.S., Segestria, is mainly Palearctic (Giroti and Brescovit 2011) and in North America is known only from the Pacific coast, with one species, Segestria pacifica, found from Baja California to Canada and two narrowly distributed species, Segestria bella and Segestria cruzana, known from central California and Santa Cruz Island, respectively. Ubick (2005) noted also that an undetermined Segestria species had recently been found in New Mexico. (Ubick 2005)

Segestriids have six eyes arranged in three groups that are positioned near the front of the head region. The cephalothorax and abdomen are both longer than wide. Segestriids have the unusual habit of resting with six legs extended forward and just the last pair backward. These spiders are nocturnal sedentary hunters that live in crevices. They can be abundant in appropriate habitat, such as in rock walls, rock talus, and under loose tree bark (especially Eucalyptus). Segestriids build round, tubular, silk-lined retreats, often positioned at the broken end of a branch, in dead wood, or among debris on the ground. There is elaborate webbing at the retreat entrance and a number of signal lines radiate out from the central tube, a pattern reminiscent of the often larger webs of filistatids such as Kukulcania (Filistatidae). The signal lines are monitored by the spider's legs, including the anteriorly (forward) directed 3rd pair of legs, and provide information about the position and size of approaching prey, which the spider captures and pulls into its retreat (Comstock 1940 includes both a description and a photograph showing signal lines; Bradley 2013). Henschel (1995) reported that Ariadna spiders in the Namib Desert gravel plains typically place seven or eight stones in a circle around their burrow entrance and concluded that these stones help the spiders detect accessible prey as they brush past the stones.

Segestriids do well in captivity, accepting a range of insect prey, and can live for several years (Ubick 2005).

Segestriids are closely related to the Dysderidae, Oonopidae, and Orsolobidae. Ubick (2005) briefly reviewed the limited taxonomic literature on Nearctic segestriids and emphasized the need for a modern revision of the family in North America.

license
cc-by-3.0
copyright
Leo Shapiro
original
visit source
partner site
EOL authors

Tube-dwelling spider

provided by wikipedia EN

Tube-dwelling spiders (Segestriidae) is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1893.[1] It consists of four genera, two large and widespread, Segestria and Ariadna, and two smaller genera, Citharoceps and Gippsicola.[2] They are haplogyne spiders, related to the Dysderidae and placed in clade or superfamily Dysderoidea.

Members of this family are easily recognized because their first three pairs of legs are arranged forward instead of two and they have six eyes instead of eight, arranged in a semicircle.[1] The leg structure appears to be an adaptation for living in silken tubes. Unlike those of the atypical tarantulas, these tubes may branch and are often built in tree bark fissures, as well as under stones.

Both Segestria and Ariadna live in North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa and New Zealand, though Ariadna also lives in Australia.[2]

Genera

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[2]

  • Ariadna Audouin, 1826 — South America, Europe, North America, Oceania, Africa, Asia, Central America, Dominican Republic
  • Citharoceps Chamberlin, 1924 — United States, Mexico
  • Gippsicola Hogg, 1900 — Australia
  • Segestria Latreille, 1804 — Asia, North America, Europe, South America, Africa, New Zealand

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Simon, E. (1893). Histoire naturelle das araignées. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973.
  2. ^ a b c "Family: Segestriidae Simon, 1893". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
"
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN

Tube-dwelling spider: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Tube-dwelling spiders (Segestriidae) is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1893. It consists of four genera, two large and widespread, Segestria and Ariadna, and two smaller genera, Citharoceps and Gippsicola. They are haplogyne spiders, related to the Dysderidae and placed in clade or superfamily Dysderoidea.

Members of this family are easily recognized because their first three pairs of legs are arranged forward instead of two and they have six eyes instead of eight, arranged in a semicircle. The leg structure appears to be an adaptation for living in silken tubes. Unlike those of the atypical tarantulas, these tubes may branch and are often built in tree bark fissures, as well as under stones.

Both Segestria and Ariadna live in North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa and New Zealand, though Ariadna also lives in Australia.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN