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Thalassianthidae

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Thalassianthidae is a family of sea anemones that contains the genera Actineria, Cryptodendrum, Heterodactyla, and Thalassianthus.[1] These sea anemones do not host any varieties of clownfishes, but have been associated with some species of commensal anemone shrimp.[2]

Research has shown that three species of sea anemones belonging to the family Thalassianthidae - (Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Heterodactyla hemprichii and Thalassianthus aster) - contain type 2 sodium channel peptide toxins capable of causing lethality to freshwater crabs.[3] In addition, high molecular weight toxins appear to be a new type of toxin in the Thalassianthidae family of sea anemones.[3] This information has not been found on any other scientific paper up to this point in time.

References[3]

  1. ^ World Register of Marine Species. (2016). Thalassianthidae Milne Edwards, 1857. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=196167
  2. ^ Tree of Life. (2000). Thalassianthidae. http://tolweb.org/Thalassianthidae/18326
  3. ^ a b c Maeda, Mikiko; Honma, Tomohiro; Shiomi, Kazuo (December 2010). "Isolation and cDNA cloning of type 2 sodium channel peptide toxins from three species of sea anemones (Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Heterodactyla hemprichii and Thalassianthus aster) belonging to the family Thalassianthidae". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 157 (4): 389–393. doi:10.1016/j.cbpb.2010.08.008. ISSN 1096-4959. PMID 20817118.
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Thalassianthidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Thalassianthidae is a family of sea anemones that contains the genera Actineria, Cryptodendrum, Heterodactyla, and Thalassianthus. These sea anemones do not host any varieties of clownfishes, but have been associated with some species of commensal anemone shrimp.

Research has shown that three species of sea anemones belonging to the family Thalassianthidae - (Cryptodendrum adhaesivum, Heterodactyla hemprichii and Thalassianthus aster) - contain type 2 sodium channel peptide toxins capable of causing lethality to freshwater crabs. In addition, high molecular weight toxins appear to be a new type of toxin in the Thalassianthidae family of sea anemones. This information has not been found on any other scientific paper up to this point in time.

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copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
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visit source
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