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Brief Summary

    Epirinus: Brief Summary
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    Epirinus is a genus of dung beetles in the tribe Deltochilini (subfamily Scarabaeinae) of the scarab family. It comprises 29 species from southern Africa; a few species are widespread in the region, but most have limited ranges. Length ranges from 3.0 mm to 13.5 mm.

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Comprehensive Description

    Epirinus
    provided by wikipedia

    Epirinus is a genus of dung beetles in the tribe Deltochilini (subfamily Scarabaeinae) of the scarab family.[1] It comprises 29 species from southern Africa; a few species are widespread in the region, but most have limited ranges.[2] Length ranges from 3.0 mm to 13.5 mm.[3]

    Ecology

    Most species in this genus feed on herbivore dung, although some are known to eat carrion. Some of the larger species roll balls of dung, whereas smaller species have been found in leaf litter. The genus includes both flying and flightless species.[2]

    Taxonomy

    Species include:[4]

    • Epirinus aeneus (Wiedemann, 1823)
    • Epirinus aquilus Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus asper Peringuey, 1901
    • Epirinus bentoi Ferreira, 1964
    • Epirinus comosus Peringuey, 1901
    • Epirinus convexus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus davisi Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus drakomontanus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus flagellatus (Fabricius, 1775)
    • Epirinus granulatus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus gratus Peringuey, 1901
    • Epirinus hilaris Peringuey, 1901
    • Epirinus hluhluwensis Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus hopei Castelnau, 1840
    • Epirinus minimus Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus montanus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus mucrodentatus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus ngomae Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus obtusus Boheman, 1857
    • Epirinus pseudorugosus Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus punctatus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus pygidialis Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus relictus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus rugosus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus scrobiculatus Harold, 1880
    • Epirinus sebastiani Medina & Scholtz, 2005
    • Epirinus silvestris Cambefort, 1978
    • Epirinus striatus Scholtz & Howden, 1987
    • Epirinus sulcipennis Boheman, 1857
    • Epirinus validus Peringuey, 1901

    References

    1. ^ Scholtz, Clarke H.; Davis, Adrian L. V.; Kryger, Ute (2009). Evolutionary biology and conservation of dung beetles. Sofia-Moscow: Pensoft Pub. ISBN 978-954-642-517-1..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ a b Medina, Claudia; Scholtz, Clarke (1 April 2005). "Systematics of the southern African genus Epirinus Reiche (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae: Canthonini): descriptions of new species and phylogeny". Insect Systematics & Evolution. 36 (2): 145–160. doi:10.1163/187631205788838500.
    3. ^ Davis, Adrian L.V.; Frolov, Andrey V.; Scholtz, Clarke H. (2008). The African dung beetle genera (1st ed.). Pretoria: Protea Book House. pp. 105–108. ISBN 9781869192440.
    4. ^ "Coleoptera-Scarabaeinae". biodiversityadvisor.sanbi.org. SANBI. Retrieved 1 December 2016.


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