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Gekkonidae: Gecko Family

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Geckos are from the reptile family. There are 700 species of geckos. Habitats include warm tropical tempatures. Most are nocturnal and have very large eyes. Many have fiction pads of specialized scales under the toes that enable them to climb on vertical surfaces and walk upside down. Females lay only 1 to 3 eggs at a time but may breed several times a year. Geckos vary in size and color. Males are the most vocal of lizards and make loud repetitive calls.
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Gekkonidae

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Gekkonidae (the common geckos) is the largest family of geckos, containing over 950 described species in 61 genera.[1][2][3][4][5][6] This family comprises many of the most widespread gecko species, including house geckos (Hemidactylus), tokay geckos (Gekko), day geckos (Phelsuma), mourning geckos (Lepidodactylus) and dtellas (Gehyra). Gekkonid geckos occur globally and are particularly species-rich in tropical areas.

Evolution

They evolved probably in the Lower Cretaceous and some 100 million years ago they were already well adapted for a scansorial lifestyle.[7]

Genera

Gekkonidae contains the following genera:

Phylogeny

Pyron, et al. (2013)[8] presents the following classification of Gekkonidae genera, based on molecular phylogenetics.

Gekkonidae    

Lepidodactylus, Pseudogekko, Luperosaurus, Gekko, Dixonius, Heteronotia, Nactus, Hemiphyllodactylus, Gehyra

   

Alsophylax, Tropiocolotes, Cnemaspis, Mediodactylus, Pseudoceramodactylus, Tropiocolotes, Stenodactylus, Bunopus, Crossobamon, Agamura, Cyrtopodion, Cyrtodactylus, Hemidactylus

     

Perochirus, Urocotyledon, Ebenavia, Paroedura, Ailuronyx, Calodactylodes, Ptenopus, Narudasia, Cnemaspis, Uroplatus, Paragehyra, Christinus, Afrogecko, Cryptactites, Matoatoa, Afroedura, Geckolepis, Homopholis, Blaesodactylus, Goggia, Rhoptropus, Elasmodactylus, Chondrodactylus, Colopus, Pachydactylus, Cnemaspis, Rhoptropella, Lygodactylus, Phelsuma

   

References

  1. ^ The Reptile Database http://www.reptile-database.org
  2. ^ Han, D., K. Zhou, & A. M. Bauer. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among gekkotan lizards inferred from c-mos nuclear DNA sequences and a new classification of the Gekkota. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83: 353– 368.
  3. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, & T.R. Jackman. 2008. Out of the blue: A novel, trans-Atlantic clade of geckos (Gekkota, Squamata). Zoologica Scripta 37: 355-366.
  4. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, & T.R. Jackman. 2008. Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards. Journal of Biogeography 35: 88-104
  5. ^ Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, G. R. Colli, E. Greenbaum, and T.R. Jackman, L. J. Vitt and A. M. Simons. 2011. Coming to America: Multiple Origins of New World Geckos. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24:231-244.
  6. ^ Gamble, T., E. Greenbaum, T.R. Jackman, A.P. Russell, and A.M. Bauer. 2012. Repeated origin and loss of adhesive toepads in geckos. PLoS ONE 7:e39429
  7. ^ Gabriela Fontanarrosa, Juan D. Daza & Virginia Abdala (2017). Cretaceous fossil gecko hand reveals a strikingly modern scansorial morphology: Qualitative and biometric analysis of an amber-preserved lizard hand. Cretaceous Research. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.11.003
  8. ^ Pyron, R Alexander, Frank T Burbrink and John J Wiens. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2013 13:93. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93
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Gekkonidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Gekkonidae (the common geckos) is the largest family of geckos, containing over 950 described species in 61 genera. This family comprises many of the most widespread gecko species, including house geckos (Hemidactylus), tokay geckos (Gekko), day geckos (Phelsuma), mourning geckos (Lepidodactylus) and dtellas (Gehyra). Gekkonid geckos occur globally and are particularly species-rich in tropical areas.

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wikipedia EN