Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

    provided by wikipedia

    Pseudoplectania is a genus of fungi in the family Sarcosomataceae. The genus contains 12 species. Pseudoplectania ryvardenii was described in 2012, while Pseudoplectania carranzae was transferred to the genus (from Plectania) in 2013.


    The genus was circumscribed by the German botanist Fuckel in 1870, who originally included the two species P. nigrella and P. fulgens.[2] The latter species was removed from the genus by Pier Andrea Saccardo in 1889, and made the type species of his newly created genus Otidella (now considered synonymous with Caloscypha as described by Boudier in 1885;[3] P. fulgens is now Caloscypha fulgens). Saccardo added the species P. melania and P. stygia, the latter of which is thought to be synonymous with P. nigrella.[4]

    Phylogenetic analysis based on the DNA sequences of ribosomal RNA suggests that Pseudoplectania groups in a clade together with Galiella, Plectania, Urnula, Sarcosoma, and Donadinia, and that it is most closely related to the latter genus. Pseudoplectania differs from Plectania mainly in spore shape—spherical in Pseudoplectania compared to ellipsoidal in Plectania.[5]

    The generic name means false plectania.


    The fruit bodies of Plectania fungi grow either in groups or scattered apart, with stems or without (sessile), and are large and fleshy. They are covered on the external surfaces with short, slender, flexuous (bendy) and often coiled or twisted hairs that sometimes give the exterior of the cup a tomentose appearance—covered with dense, matted hairs. The spore-bearing cells, the asci, range in shape from cylindrical to club-shaped, and they are eight-spored. The spores are perfectly spherical, smooth, and hyaline (translucent). The paraphyses may be either straight or curved.[4]


    Pseudoplectania melaena

    Twelve species are accepted in the genus:[6]


    1. ^ "Pseudoplectania Fuckel 1870". MycoBank. The International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-06-30..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Fuckel L. (1870). "Symbolae mycologicae. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der rheinischen Pilze". Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde (in German). 23–24: 324.
    3. ^ "Otidella Sacc. 1889". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
    4. ^ a b c Seaver FJ. (1913). "The genus Pseudoplectania". Mycologia. 5 (6): 299–302. doi:10.2307/3753586. JSTOR 3753586.
    5. ^ Harrington FA, Pfister DH, Potter D, Donoghue MJ (1999). "Phylogenetic studies within the Pezizales. I. 18S rRNA sequence data and classification". Mycologia. 91 (1): 41–50. doi:10.2307/3761192. JSTOR 3761192.
    6. ^ a b Glejdura S, Kučera V, Lizoň P, Kunca V (2015). "Pseudoplectania lignicola sp. nov. described from central Europe". Mycotaxon. 130: 1–10. doi:10.5248/130.1.
    7. ^ a b Carbone M, Agnello C, Alvarado P. "Phylogenenetic and morphological studies in the genus Pseudoplectania (Ascomycota, Pezizales)". Ascomycete.org. 6 (1): 17–33.
    8. ^ Calonge FD, Mata M (2002). "Plectania carranzae sp. nov. (Ascomycota) from Costa Rica". Mycotaxon. 81: 237–241.
    9. ^ Sanwal BD. (1953). "Contributions towards our knowledge of the Indian Discomycetes. I. Some new records and new species of operculate Discomycetes". Sydowia. 7 (1–4): 191–199.
    10. ^ Sundberg W, Bessette A (1987). Mushrooms: A Quick Reference Guide to Mushrooms of North America (Macmillan Field Guides). New York: Collier Books. p. 4. ISBN 0-02-063690-3.
    11. ^ Dennis RWG. (1969). "Two new British Discomycetes with smooth spherical ascospore". Kew Bulletin. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 23 (3): 479–81. doi:10.2307/4117192. JSTOR 4117192.
    12. ^ Iturriaga T, Mardones M, Urbina H (2012). "A new species of Pseudoplectania (Sarcosomataceae, Pezizales) from Venezuela". Kurtziana. 37 (1): 73–78.

    Wikipedia authors and editors
    visit source
    partner site