dcsimg

Brief Summary

    Lemuridae: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Lemuridae is a family of strepsirrhine primates native to Madagascar, and the Comoros Islands. They are represented by the Lemuriformes in Madagascar with one of the highest concentration of the lemurs. One of five families commonly known as lemurs. These animals were once thought to be the evolutionary predecessors of monkeys and apes, but this is no longer considered correct.

    Brief Summary
    provided by EOL authors

    Lemuridae is a primate family consisting of lemurs from Madagascar. Lemuridae contains five extant genera: Lemur, Eulemur, Varecia, Hapalemur, and Prolemur. Lemuridae species range in weight from 700 g to 4.5 kg. Forelimbs are slightly shorter than hindlimbs. In general, members of Lemuridae move quadrupedally along branches and leap across foliage gaps. Most live in groups and exhibit a cathemeral activity pattern, i.e. are active during both day and night, with the exception of the purely diurnal Varecia (ruffed lemurs). All Lemuridae species have at least spotty pigmentation of the ocular fundus; this pigmentation tends to obscure the golden shine that is normally produced when light reflects off of the tapetum lucidum layer in the eye (Groves, 2001).

    Genetic studies show that Lemur and Hapalemur are sister genera and form an exclusive clade (Mittermeier et al., 2008). This discovery makes earlier subfamily classifications obsolete; previously, Lemuridae was divided into two subfamilies, the Lemurinae (“true lemurs”, Lemur, Eulemur, and Varecia) and Hapalemurinae (“bamboo lemurs”, Hapalemur and Prolemur).

Comprehensive Description

Morphology

    Morphology
    provided by Animal Diversity Web

    Other Physical Features: endothermic ; bilateral symmetry

Behavior

    Behavior
    provided by Animal Diversity Web

    Perception Channels: tactile ; chemical

Reproduction

    Reproduction
    provided by Animal Diversity Web

    Key Reproductive Features: gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual