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Trithemis

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Trithemis is a genus of dragonflies in the family Libellulidae. They are commonly known as dropwings. There are over 40 species, mainly from Africa; two are endemic to Madagascar, and five are endemic to Asia.[1] They are found in a wide variety of habitats; some species being adapted to permanent streams in forests, and others being capable of breeding in temporary pools in deserts.[2]

The genus contains the following species:[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Dijkstra, K.-D.B.; Clausnitzer, V. (2014). The dragonflies and damselflies of eastern Africa. Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa. ISBN 978-94-916-1506-1.
  2. ^ Damm, S.; Dijkstra, K. D. B.; Hadrys, H. (2010). "Red drifters and dark residents: the phylogeny and ecology of a Plio-Pleistocene dragonfly radiation reflects Africa's changing environment (Odonata, Libellulidae, Trithemis)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 54 (3): 870–882. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.006. PMID 20004729. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  3. ^ Martin Schorr; Dennis Paulson. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Samways, Michael J. (2008). The Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa. Pensoft. ISBN 954-642-330-0.
  5. ^ Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2010). "Trithemis africana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T169243A6596888. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T169243A6596888.en.
  6. ^ a b c "Checklist, English common names". DragonflyPix.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  7. ^ Clausnitzer, V. (2006). "Trithemis annulata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2006. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
  8. ^ a b c Subramanian, K. A. (2005). Dragonflies and Damselflies of Peninsular India (PDF).
  9. ^ Clausnitzer, V.; Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2009). "Trithemis dichroa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
  10. ^ Clausnitzer, V.; Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2009). "Trithemis grouti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
  11. ^ Clausnitzer, V.; Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2009). "Trithemis hecate". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
  12. ^ a b c Dijkstra, Klaas-Douwe B.; Kipping, Jens; Mézière, Nicolas (2015). "Sixty new dragonfly and damselfly species from Africa (Odonata)" (PDF). Odonatologica. 44 (4): 447–678. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  13. ^ Clausnitzer, V.; Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2010). "Trithemis monardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T60063A12216622. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T60063A12216622.en.
  14. ^ Clausnitzer, V.; Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2009). "Trithemis nuptialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
  15. ^ Clausnitzer, V. & Suhling, F. (2009). "Trithemis pluvialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2010.old-form url
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Trithemis: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Trithemis is a genus of dragonflies in the family Libellulidae. They are commonly known as dropwings. There are over 40 species, mainly from Africa; two are endemic to Madagascar, and five are endemic to Asia. They are found in a wide variety of habitats; some species being adapted to permanent streams in forests, and others being capable of breeding in temporary pools in deserts.

The genus contains the following species:

Trithemis aconita Lieftinck, 1969 – monkshood dropwing, halfshade dropwing Trithemis aenea Pinhey, 1961 – bronze dropwing Trithemis aequalis Lieftinck, 1969 – swamp dropwing Trithemis africana (Brauer, 1867) - western phantom dropwing Trithemis annulata (Palisot de Beauvois, 1805) – violet dropwing, violet-marked darter Trithemis anomala Pinhey, 1955 – striped dropwing Trithemis arteriosa (Burmeister, 1839) – red-veined dropwing Trithemis aurora (Burmeister, 1839) – crimson marsh glider Trithemis basitincta Ris, 1912 Trithemis bifida Pinhey, 1970 – shadow dropwing Trithemis bredoi Fraser, 1953 – river dropwing Trithemis brydeni Pinhey, 1970 – percher-like dropwing Trithemis congolica Pinhey, 1970 – Congo dropwing Trithemis dejouxi Pinhey, 1978 – stonewash dropwing Trithemis dichroa Karsch, 1893 - small dropwing, black dropwing Trithemis donaldsoni (Calvert, 1899) – denim dropwing Trithemis dorsalis (Rambur, 1842) – round-hook dropwing, highland dropwing Trithemis ellenbeckii Förster, 1906 – Ethiopian dropwing Trithemis festiva (Rambur, 1842) – indigo dropwing, black stream glider Trithemis fumosa Pinhey, 1962 Trithemis furva Karsch, 1899 – navy dropwing Trithemis grouti Pinhey, 1961 - black dropwing, dark dropwing Trithemis hartwigi Pinhey, 1970 – superb dropwing Trithemis hecate Ris, 1912 – silhouette dropwing, hecate dropwing Trithemis hinnula Dijkstra, Mézière & Kipping, 2015 – mule dropwing Trithemis imitata Pinhey, 1961 – copycat dropwing Trithemis integra Dijkstra, 2007 – Albertine dropwing Trithemis kalula Kirby, 1900 – pretty dropwing Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891 – orange-winged dropwing, Kirby's dropwing Trithemis legrandi Dijkstra, Mézière & Kipping, 2015 – robust dropwing Trithemis lilacina Förster, 1899 Trithemis longistyla (Fraser, 1953) Trithemis monardi Ris, 1931 - Monard's dropwing, fluttering dropwing Trithemis morrisoni Damm & Hadrys, 2009 – rapids dropwing Trithemis nigra Longfield, 1936 Trithemis nuptialis Karsch, 1894 - hairy-legged dropwing Trithemis osvaldae d'Andrea & Carfi, 1997 Trithemis pallidinervis (Kirby, 1889) - long-legged marsh glider Trithemis palustris Damm & Hadrys, 2009 – marsh dropwing Trithemis persephone Ris, 1912 Trithemis pluvialis Förster, 1906 – riffle-and-reed dropwing, river dropwing, russet dropwing Trithemis pruinata Karsch, 1899 – cobalt dropwing Trithemis selika Selys, 1869 Trithemis stictica (Burmeister, 1839) – jaunty dropwing Trithemis werneri Ris, 1912 – elegant dropwing  src=

male T. aurora

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male T. festiva

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female T. pallidinervis

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male T. selika

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young male T. selika

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female T. selika

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young male T. selika moving into obelisk position

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