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Plectrohyla Brocchi 1877

Brief Summary

    Spikethumb frog: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Spikethumb frogs are a genus (Plectrohyla) of frogs in the family Hylidae found in Central America from southern Mexico through Guatemala and northern El Salvador to central and northern Honduras. A major revision of the Hylidae moved an additional 21 species to this genus from the genus Hyla. They are called spikethumb because of the spike on their thumbs, which is called a prepollex. The genus name comes from the Greek word plēktron ("spur") and hyla (the genus in which it was formerly placed).

Comprehensive Description

    Spikethumb frog
    provided by wikipedia

    Spikethumb frogs are a genus (Plectrohyla) of frogs in the family Hylidae found in Central America from southern Mexico through Guatemala and northern El Salvador to central and northern Honduras. A major revision of the Hylidae moved an additional 21 species to this genus from the genus Hyla.[1] They are called spikethumb because of the spike on their thumbs, which is called a prepollex. The genus name comes from the Greek word plēktron ("spur")[2] and hyla (the genus in which it was formerly placed).

    Species

    This genus has 42 recognized species:

    Binomial name and author Common name Plectrohyla acanthodes Duellman and Campbell, 1992 thorny spikethumb frog Plectrohyla ameibothalame (Canseco-Márquez, Mendelson &
    Gutiérrez-Mayén, 2002)
    Plectrohyla arborescandens (Taylor, 1939) lesser bromeliad tree frog Plectrohyla avia Stuart, 1952 greater spikethumb frog Plectrohyla bistincta (Cope, 1877) Mexican fringe-limbed tree frog Plectrohyla calthula (Ustach, Mendelson, McDiarmid & Campbell, 2000) Plectrohyla calvicollina (Toal, 1994) Plectrohyla celata (Toal and Mendelson, 1995) Plectrohyla cembra (Caldwell, 1974) southern Sierra Madre tree frog Plectrohyla charadricola (Duellman, 1964) Puebla tree frog Plectrohyla chryses (Adler, 1965) golden tree frog Plectrohyla chrysopleura Wilson, McCranie & Cruz-Díaz, 1994 Plectrohyla crassa (Brocchi, 1877) aquatic tree frog Plectrohyla cyanomma (Caldwell, 1974) blue-eyed aquatic tree frog Plectrohyla cyclada (Campbell & Duellman, 2000) Plectrohyla dasypus McCranie & Wilson, 1981 Honduras spikethumb frog Plectrohyla ephemera (Meik, Canseco-Márquez, Smith & Campbell, 2005) Plectrohyla exquisita McCranie & Wilson, 1998 Plectrohyla glandulosa (Boulenger, 1883) forest spikethumb frog Plectrohyla guatemalensis Brocchi, 1877 Guatemala spikethumb frog Plectrohyla hartwegi Duellman, 1968 Hartweg's spikethumb frog Plectrohyla hazelae (Taylor, 1940) Hazel's tree frog Plectrohyla ixil Stuart, 1942 Ixil spikethumb frog Plectrohyla labedactyla (Mendelson & Toal, 1996) Plectrohyla lacertosa Bumzahem & Smith, 1954 pop-eyed spikethumb frog Plectrohyla matudai Hartweg, 1941 Matuda's spikethumb frog Plectrohyla miahuatlanensis Meik, Smith, Canseco-Márquez &
    Campbell, 2006
    Plectrohyla mykter (Adler & Dennis, 1972) keelsnout tree frog Plectrohyla pachyderma (Taylor, 1942) semiaquatic tree frog Plectrohyla pentheter (Adler, 1965) Mourning tree frog Plectrohyla pokomchi Duellman & Campbell, 1984 Rio Sananja spikethumb frog Plectrohyla psarosema (Campbell & Duellman, 2000) Plectrohyla psiloderma McCranie & Wilson, 1999 Plectrohyla pycnochila Rabb, 1959 Tthick-lipped spikethumb frog Plectrohyla quecchi Stuart, 1942 Las Palmas spikethumb frog Plectrohyla robertsorum (Taylor, 1940) Roberts' tree frog Plectrohyla sabrina (Caldwell, 1974) Sierra Juarez tree frog Plectrohyla sagorum Hartweg, 1941 arcane spikethumb frog Plectrohyla siopela (Duellman, 1968) Voiceless tree frog Plectrohyla tecunumani Duellman & Campbell, 1984 cave spikethumb frog Plectrohyla teuchestes Duellman & Campbell, 1992 Alta Verapaz spikethumb frog Plectrohyla thorectes (Adler, 1965) Adler's mottled tree frog

    References

    1. ^ Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240. [1]
    2. ^ Borror, Donald J. (1988). Dictionary of word roots and combining forms : compiled from the Greek, Latin, and other languages, with special reference to biological terms and scientific names (11. print. ed.). Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co. ISBN 0874840538..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}