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Reproduction
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Key Reproductive Features: gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)

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Heying, H. 2003. "Arthroleptidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Arthroleptidae.html
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Life Cycle
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Development - Life Cycle: metamorphosis

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Heying, H. 2003. "Arthroleptidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Arthroleptidae.html
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Morphology
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Other Physical Features: ectothermic ; bilateral symmetry

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Heying, H. 2003. "Arthroleptidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Arthroleptidae.html
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Heather Heying
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Arthroleptidae
provided by wikipedia EN

The Arthroleptidae /ˌɑːrθrˈlɛptɪd/ are a family of frogs found in sub-Saharan Africa. This group includes African treefrogs in the genus Leptopelis along with the terrestrial breeding squeakers Arthroleptis, and several genera restricted to the Guinean forests of central and west Africa, such as the hairy frog (Trichobatrachus).

Taxonomy

This family is the phylogenetic sister group of reed frogs, the Hyperoliidae, which together form the lineage Laurentobatrachia,[1] a name that commemorates work on African frogs by the Argentine herpetologist Raymond Laurent. This group is further nested within the Afrobatrachia, an ancient African endemic lineage that includes the Brevicipitidae and Hemisotidae.[1] The Arthroleptidae are separated, based on phylogenetic analyses, into three deeply divergent and dissimilar subfamilies: Arthroleptinae, Astylosterninae, and Leptopelinae.[2][3] Some consider these to be separate families,[4] while others do not recognize any subfamilies, in particular due to uncertainty in the phylogenetic placement of Leptopelis and Scotobleps.[5][6]

The three subfamilies consist of these genera:[3]

Subfamilia Species Common name Scientific name Arthroleptinae
Mivart, 1869 47 Screeching frogs Arthroleptis Smith, 1849 16 Long-fingered frogs Cardioglossa Boulenger, 1900 Astylosterninae
Noble, 1927 12 Night frogs Astylosternus Werner, 1898 15 Egg frogs Leptodactylodon Andersson, 1903 1 Southern night frog Nyctibates Boulenger, 1904 1 Gaboon forest frog Scotobleps Boulenger, 1900 1 Hairy frog Trichobatrachus Boulenger, 1900 Leptopelinae
Laurent, 1972 52 Forest treefrogs Leptopelis Günther, 1859

References

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R; Grant, Tarrant; Faivovich, Julian; Bain, Raoul H; Haas, Alexander; Haddad, Celio FB; De Sa, Rafael; Channing, Alan; Wilkinson, Mark; Donnellan, Stephen C; Raxworthy, Christopher J; Campbell, Jonathan A; Blotto, Boris L; Moler, Paul; Drewes, Robert C; Nussbaum, Ronald A; Lynch, John D; Green, David M; Wheeler, Ward C (2006). "The Amphibian Tree of Life". Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. (297): 370pp..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Pyron, RA; Wiens, JJ (2011). "A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 61: 543–583. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.06.012. PMID 21723399.
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Arthroleptidae Mivart, 1869". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  4. ^ Bossuyt, F; Roelants, K (2009). Hedges, SB; Kumar, S, eds. Anura. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 357–364.
  5. ^ Blackburn, David C. "Family Arthroleptidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  6. ^ Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3148: 39–55.

^ *" 'Horror frog' breaks own bones to produce claws." NewScientist.com, 2008

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Arthroleptidae: Brief Summary
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The Arthroleptidae /ˌɑːrθroʊˈlɛptɪdiː/ are a family of frogs found in sub-Saharan Africa. This group includes African treefrogs in the genus Leptopelis along with the terrestrial breeding squeakers Arthroleptis, and several genera restricted to the Guinean forests of central and west Africa, such as the hairy frog (Trichobatrachus).

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