dcsimg

Life Cycle

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Development - Life Cycle: metamorphosis

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Heying, H. 2003. "Bufonidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Bufonidae.html
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Heather Heying
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Morphology

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Other Physical Features: ectothermic ; bilateral symmetry

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Heying, H. 2003. "Bufonidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Bufonidae.html
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Heather Heying
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Reproduction

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Key Reproductive Features: gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate)

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Heying, H. 2003. "Bufonidae" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Bufonidae.html
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Heather Heying
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True frogs, Harlequin frogs, and Others

provided by EOL authors

The bufonids are species with a cosmopolitan distribution that notably vary in shape, size and diversity of coloration. In terms of size, the Bufonidae species range from diminutive species likeDendrophryniscus carvalhoiIzecksohn, 1994 (less than 20 mm SVL in adults), to species like those ofRhinella marina's group (about 230 mm SVL in adults).

In relation to coloration, there are species that have evident colors in their skins, reminding us the Dendrobatidae family.Atelophus pulcher(Boulenger, 1882), for example, shows a yellowish skin with black patches along their body. On the other hand, other species have a less outstanding coloration, likeRhinella jimi(Stevaux, 2002), which has a slightly greenish body with dark patches at the back.

A bufonids' unique feature is the presence of the Bidder's organ in the male tadpoles; this organ can also persist in the majority of adults. All adult individuals of the family lack teeth on their jaw, what makes the Bufonidae toothless frogs during the adult stage.

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Paulo Sobrinho
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Bufonoidea

provided by wikipedia EN

Bufonoidea was a proposed superfamily of frogs. It was one of three superfamilies that made up the advanced Neobatrachian frogs in the classification of Dowling and Duellman (1978), the other superfamilies being Microhyloidea and Ranoidea.[1]

Families

The families assigned to Bufonoidea were:[1]

Molecular phylogenetic analyses have led to major revisions of frog taxonomy, with the taxa belonging to these families being extensively revised and a number of new families erected.[2] With the exception of the Australian ground frogs (Myobatrachidae), these families belong to the Hyloidea.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Ernest Glen Wever (2014) [1985]. The Amphibian Ear. Princeton University Press. pp. 178–179. ISBN 978-1-4008-5506-3.
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R.; Grant, Taran; Faivovich, Julián; Bain, Raoul H.; Haas, Alexander; Haddad, Celio F. B.; De Sa, Rafael O.; Channing, A.; Wilkinson, Mark; Donnellan, Stephen C.; Raxworthy, Christopher J.; Campbell, Jonathan A.; Blotto, Boris L.; Moler, Paul; Drewes, Robert C.; Nussbaum, Ronald A.; Lynch, John D.; Green, David M.; Wheeler, Ward C. (2006). "The amphibian tree of life" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. No. 297: 8–370. doi:10.5531/sd.sp.13. hdl:2246/5781.
  3. ^ R.Alexander Pyron, John J.Wiens, 2011, A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians [1]Archived 2012-12-18 at the Wayback Machine
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Bufonoidea: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Bufonoidea was a proposed superfamily of frogs. It was one of three superfamilies that made up the advanced Neobatrachian frogs in the classification of Dowling and Duellman (1978), the other superfamilies being Microhyloidea and Ranoidea.

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