Some of the species are named for people, as C. brucei for zoologist Niel L. Bruce, who has named many isopods; C. mercuryi for musician Freddie Mercury; C. cranchii for explorer John Cranch, a friend and employee of William Elford Leach who first described the genus in 1818. The generic name Cirolana is an anagram of Carolina, named for an unknown woman called Caroline. Leach named a number of isopod genera with anagrams of Caroline or Carolina. In the French work in which Leach proposed these names he gave each new genus a French name as well as a Latin zoological name. Sometimes - as with Cirolana - it was the French name that was the anagram of Caroline; in this case 'Cirolane'.
Cirolana includes the following species:
Subgenus Cirolana (Anopsilana) Leach, 1818