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Identification Resources

provided by EOL authors
Fauchald (1977) provides a description of the family, an identification key and diagnostic characters of the genera (pp. 128-134). A description of the family, including a comprehensive discussion of the relevant taxonomic characters, and a list of described species can be found in Holthe (1986).
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From chemosynthetic habitats

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Reuscher et al. (2011) provide first records of Terebellidae on hydrothermal vents and include an identification key of all known species on both hydrothermal vents and cold seeps.
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From the Arctic Ocean

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Augener (1928) reviews the Terebellidae from Spitsbergen including a key to the genera and discussion of the occurring species, pp. 784-797.
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From the Southern Ocean

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A key to the Terebellidae genera and description of species can be found in Knox & Cameron, 1997: pp. 85-94, including several figures.
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Terebellidae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Terebellidae is a marine family of Polychaete worms, of which the type taxon is Terebella, described by Linnaeus in 1767.[1]

Characteristics

Most terebellids live in burrows or crevices and are often of large size, ranging up to 150 millimetres in length and 15 millimetres in width. The numerous, very long tentacles which radiate from near the mouth are used for finding and collecting food particles from the sediment surface. The tentacles are not retractable as is the case in the ampharetids. They have plump anterior bodies and numerous segments in their long, tapered posterior bodies, whereas ampharetids are more compact. They have branched gills laterally on up to three anterior chaetigers but in the subfamily Thelepodinae the gills are numerous simple filaments. The mid-body chaetigers are in double rows in the subfamily Terebellinae. In the subfamily Polycirrinae, the gills are absent and the prostomium is expanded as an undulating membrane which bears the tentacles.,[2][3]

Systematics

The roughly 400 known species are divided between many dozens of genera. Most of these are assigned to 4 subfamilies.[4] Some additional genera are of unresolved or quite basal position.

References

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Terebellidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Terebellidae is a marine family of Polychaete worms, of which the type taxon is Terebella, described by Linnaeus in 1767.

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Classification

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Only subfamilies Terebellinae, Thelepodinae, and Polycirrinae are in use. See the additional sources for the history of higher classification within Terebellidae. Up to four subfamilies (with some names varying) have been used, and also some taxa have been placed in tribes. Subfamilies include Terebellinae, commonly in literature as Amphitritinae Malmgren, 1867, Artacaminae Malmgren, 1867, Thelepodinae Hessle, 1917 (was Thelepinae), and Polycirrinae Malmgren 1867, but their separation and extent have not been stable. Note that Amphitritinae is disused in favour of Terebellinae, and that Thelepinae was emended to Thelepodinae, but that for decades both Amphitritinae and Thelepinae were the accepted names in use, so there are many works where those names are in the title. Artacaminae is not currently used, as Artacama is included in Terebellinae.
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bibliographic citation
Nogueira, João Miguel de Matos; Fitzhugh, Kirk; Hutchings, Pat. 2013. The continuing challenge of phylogenetic relationships in Terebelliformia (Annelida : Polychaeta). Invertebrate Systematics 27(2): 186-238 Hessle, Christian. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 5: 39-258, plates I-V.
Contributor
Read, Geoffrey, G.B.

Classification

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Nogueira, Fitzhugh & Hutchings (2013) have proposed a re-organisation of Terebellidae, raising all the subfamilies to family-level, based on a morphology-based cladistic study, rather than re-including Trichobranchidae in Terebellidae. This rank inflation is not yet accepted. Although they did not formally assign the genera other than type genera, they attempted to include all genera practicable in their analysis (some were not), and their proposal appears to be as follows: * Terebellidae (was Terebellinae): Terebella, (also Amphitrite, Amphitritides, Arranooba, Artacama, Articulatia, Axionice, Baffinia, Betapista, Eupolymnia, Eupistella, Hadrachaeta, Hutchingsiella, Lanassa, Lanice, Lanicides, Lanicola, Laphania, Leaena, Loimia, Longicarpus, Morgana, Naneva, Neoamphitrite, Neoleprea, Nicolea, Paramaphitrite, Paraxionice, Phisidia, Pista, Pistella, Proclea, Pseudoproclea, Ramex, Reteterebella, Scionella, Scionides, Spinosphaera, Stschapovella, Thelepides, & Tyira). * Polycirridae (was Polycirrinae): Polycirrus (also Amaeana, Biremis, Enoplobranchus, Hauchiella, & Lysilla) * Thelepodidae (was Thelepodinae): Thelepus (also Euthelepus, Pseudostreblosoma, Pseudothelepus (note it is unstated if this is the species under the homonym Pseudothelepus Hutchings 1997 or the valid Pseudothelepus Augener 1918, or both) & Streblosoma). * Telothelepodidae (new family): Telothelepus (also Decathelepus, Glossothelepus, Parthelepus, & Rhinothelepus) The authors did not provide a key to enable identification of the taxa belonging to their updated names.

Reference

Nogueira, João Miguel de Matos; Fitzhugh, Kirk; Hutchings, Pat. 2013. The continuing challenge of phylogenetic relationships in Terebelliformia (Annelida : Polychaeta). Invertebrate Systematics 27(2): 186-238

license
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bibliographic citation
Nogueira, João Miguel de Matos; Fitzhugh, Kirk; Hutchings, Pat. 2013. The continuing challenge of phylogenetic relationships in Terebelliformia (Annelida : Polychaeta). Invertebrate Systematics 27(2): 186-238 Hessle, Christian. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 5: 39-258, plates I-V.
Contributor
Read, Geoffrey, G.B.