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Distribution

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Continent: Africa
Distribution: Republic of South Africa (Little Namaqualand, from Kleinzee and Springbok southward to Graafwater and Clanwilliam)
Type locality: unknown (fide WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977)
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Homopus

provided by wikipedia EN

Homopus is a genus of tiny tortoises in the family Testudinidae, endemic to southern Africa. Three species have been moved to the genus Chersobius.

Naming

As a group, these closely related species are commonly known in Europe and Africa as padlopers (originally meaning "path-walkers" in Afrikaans), due to their habit of making tiny pathways through vegetation.[2][3] In other parts of the world, such as the United States, they are known as Cape tortoises.[1][4]

Distribution

The genus is indigenous and endemic to South Africa.

Species

The genus contains these species:

  • H. areolatus (common padloper or parrot-beaked tortoise), of the southern Cape coastal region, the most common padloper species.[5]
  • H. femoralis (greater padloper or Karoo cape tortoise [sic]), of the highveld grasslands, the largest of the padlopers.[6]

Conservation and captivity

They are threatened by habitat destruction,[4] traffic on roads, overgrazing, and poaching for the pet trade.[6] Another threat comes from introduced species, such as domestic dogs and pigs.

Among the Homopus species, H. areolatus adapts well to captivity, as their diets are not highly specialized.[3] The others do not generally survive well in captivity unless some effort is made to supply them with their natural food, that is, endemic plants from the Cape/Karoo regions.[3] Many are taken from their natural habitat each year, and subsequently die as a result, as they do not readily adapt to typical captive diets and environment change.[3] However, they can be very hardy in captivity, and most problems with captive care are caused by faulty nutrition, high humidity, or bad husbandry.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. ^ "Homopus Research Foundation, reports". Home.caiway.nl. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e Corton, M., Homopus (Padloper Tortoise) Care, World Chelonian Trust (retrieved August 20, 2013).
  4. ^ a b Obst, J.; Richter, K.; Jacob, U. (1988). The Completely Illustrated Atlas of Reptiles and Amphibians for the Terrarium. T.F.H. press.
  5. ^ "Scarce Home". Academic.sun.ac.za. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  6. ^ a b "Homopus Research Foundation". Home.caiway.nl. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
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Homopus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Homopus is a genus of tiny tortoises in the family Testudinidae, endemic to southern Africa. Three species have been moved to the genus Chersobius.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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wikipedia EN