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North American Ecology (US and Canada)

provided by North American Butterfly Knowledge Network
Year-round resident in southeastern North America with some migratory sections of the range further north (Scott 1986). Habitats are WOODED AREAS, ESPECIALLY SWAMPS. Host plants are largely restricted to a few species mostly in one family, LAURACEAE. Hosts are usually trees. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly. Individuals overwinter as pupae. There are multiple flights each year with the approximate flight time MAY1-SEP30 in the northern part of the range and MAR1-DEC31 in the southern part of their range (Scott 1986).
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Papilio palamedes

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Papilio palamedes, the Palamedes swallowtail or laurel swallowtail, is a North American butterfly in the family Papilionidae.

Description

The upperside of the wings is blackish brown with both wings having a yellow postmedian band and a yellow submarginal band.[1] There is a yellow bar at the end of the forewing cell. The underside of the wings is black with the forewing having a yellow postmedian band and a yellow submarginal band. The hindwing has a few colored bands; the first being cream; the second, orange; the third, blue; and the fourth, orange.[2] There is a yellow streak on the inner margin of the hindwing which runs parallel to the body.[1] The wingspan ranges from ​4 12 to ​5 18 inches (11 to 13 cm).[3]

Habitat

This species may be found in habitats such as cypress swamplands, coastal swamplands, wet riparian forests, bay forests, and savannas.[2][4]

Flight

The Palamedes swallowtail is encountered from May to October in southeastern Virginia and from March to December in more southern regions.[2] In Mexico it is represented by subspecies P. p. leontis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906.

Life cycle

Males seek females by patrolling near forest edges and forest openings. In courtship, the male and female will fly about a foot apart, slowly flying together in unison. The male will then fly above and behind the female to disperse his pheromones and he will continue to do this until the female decides to mate with him.[2] Females lay their pale greenish-yellow eggs singly on host plant leaves.[4] The larva is green with two false eyespots on the thorax. It has a few blue spots on the first abdominal segment to the eighth segment. It also lives in a leaf shelter.[5][6][2] The larva is almost identical to the caterpillar of the spicebush swallowtail (Papilio troilus, except the spicebush swallowtail larva has larger false eyes, larger blue spots, and different host plant preferences.[5][6]) However, in the coastal Southeast, a subspecies of the spicebush swallowtail P. t. ilioneus shares the redbay (Persea borbonia) as a host plant. The green chrysalis has a whitish lateral stripe edged with brown above and has two horns on the head.[4] The chrysalis hibernates.[2] The Palamedes swallowtail has two or three broods per year.[1]

Host plants

Ecozone

Nearctic ecozone.

References

  1. ^ a b c Jim P. Brock and Kenn Kaufman (2003). Butterflies of North America. Houghton Mifflin, New York, NY. ISBN 0-618-15312-8
  2. ^ a b c d e f Rick Cech and Guy Tudor (2005). Butterflies of the East Coast. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. ISBN 0-691-09055-6
  3. ^ "Palamedes Swallowtail" [1] accessed on May 13, 2009
  4. ^ a b c James A. Scott (1986). The Butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. ISBN 0-8047-2013-4
  5. ^ a b Thomas J. Allen, Jim P. Brock, Jeffrey Glassberg (2005). Caterpillars in the Field and Garden. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. ISBN 978-0-19-514987-6
  6. ^ a b David L. Wagner (2005). Caterpillars of Eastern North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. ISBN 0-691-12144-3

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Papilio palamedes: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Papilio palamedes, the Palamedes swallowtail or laurel swallowtail, is a North American butterfly in the family Papilionidae.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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visit source
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wikipedia EN