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Image of Sri Lankan sloth bear
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Sri Lankan Sloth Bear

Melursus ursinus inornatus Pucheran 1855

Sri Lankan sloth bear

provided by wikipedia EN

The Sri Lankan sloth bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus)[2] is a subspecies of the sloth bear which is found mainly in lowland dry forests in the island of Sri Lanka.

Ecology

Being omnivorous, it feeds on nuts, berries, and roots, as well as carrion and meat. One of its main staples is insects, which it removes from rotting stumps and trees with its long, hairless snout. Otherwise, it rarely kills animals. The sloth bear is sympatric with the leopard.[3][4]

Conservation status

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A Sri Lanka Sloth Bear after rains at Yala National Park, Sri Lanka.

The Sri Lankan sloth bear is highly threatened, with a population less than 1000 (the wild population may be as few as 500) in many isolated populations with population decrease. Destruction of dry-zone natural forest is its main threat, because unlike other large Sri Lankan animals, the Sri Lankan sloth bear is highly dependent on natural forests for its food source.

Cultural significance

In its native habitat of Sri Lanka, this bear is called the walaha in Sinhalese and karadi in Tamil.[5] Both terms simply translate to "bear" in English.

See also

References

  1. ^ Revue et Magasin de Zoologie [1855] 7 (3): 392 (J. Pucheran)
  2. ^ Pucheran, J., Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (in French), 7, p. 392
  3. ^ Hadley, B. (2008-12-21), The Sloth Bear (PDF), Bear Specialist Group, archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-21
  4. ^ Brown, G. (1993). The Great Bear Almanac. Lyons & Burford. ISBN 1558212108.
  5. ^ "International Animal Rescue: Saving animals from suffering around the world" (PDF). International Animal Rescue. Retrieved 2009-11-28.

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Sri Lankan sloth bear: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Sri Lankan sloth bear (Melursus ursinus inornatus) is a subspecies of the sloth bear which is found mainly in lowland dry forests in the island of Sri Lanka.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN