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Bristle Footed Annelids

Canalipalpata Rouse & Fauchald 1997

Canalipalpat ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Canalipalpata, és un ordre de cucs anèlids. Consta de 31 famílies que inclouen Sabellida (cuics tubulars, cucs en ventall, i cucs plomosos) i els Alvinellidae, una família de cucs marins d'aigües profundes associats amb surgències submarines tèrmiques.

Els Canalipalpata no tenen ni dents ni mandíbules.[1] La majoria s'alimenten mitjançant filtració. Tots excepte la família Siboglinidae disposen de cilis que condueixen les partícules dels aliments a la boca.[2]

Registre fòssil

El membre més antic d'aquest grup, que s'ha trobat fossilitzat a l'illa de Terranova, és Terebellites franklinii data del Cambrià mitjà.[3]

Ús en aquaris

Moltes espècies dins Canalipalpata són vistoses. Es recomanen per a principiants dels aquaris marins (d'aigua salada) les espècies dins Sabellida i l'espècie Cuc de l'arbre de Nadal (un tipus de serpúlid).[4]

Taxonomia

Ordre Canalipalpata

Referències

  1. Robert D. Barnes. Invertebrate Zoology. 4th. Holt-Saunders, 1980. ISBN 4833700018.
  2. Peter Ax. Multicellular Animals: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa. 2. Springer-Verlag, 1996. ISBN 3540674063.
  3. M.J.Benton. The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, 1993. ISBN 0412393808.
  4. Martyn Haywood. The Manual of Marine Invertebrates. Salamander Books Limited, London, 1989. ISBN 086101474X.

Enllaços externs

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Canalipalpat: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )

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 src= Sabellastarte magnifica

Canalipalpata, és un ordre de cucs anèlids. Consta de 31 famílies que inclouen Sabellida (cuics tubulars, cucs en ventall, i cucs plomosos) i els Alvinellidae, una família de cucs marins d'aigües profundes associats amb surgències submarines tèrmiques.

Els Canalipalpata no tenen ni dents ni mandíbules. La majoria s'alimenten mitjançant filtració. Tots excepte la família Siboglinidae disposen de cilis que condueixen les partícules dels aliments a la boca.

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Canalipalpata ( German )

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Wissenschaftlicher Name Canalipalpata Rouse & Fauchald 1997

Canalipalpata ist der Name einer Ordnung meist sessiler und röhrenbauender, als Filtrierer lebender Vielborster (Polychaeta) in der Unterklasse Palpata, die in Meeren weltweit zu finden sind.

Merkmale

Die Canalipalpata besitzen weder Zähne noch Kiefer. An ihren am Prostomium sitzenden Palpen befindet sich eine Wimpernrinne mit zahlreichen Cilien, mit denen aus dem Wasser aufgefangene kleine Nahrungspartikel, meist Detritus, zum Mund transportiert werden. Durch die Wimpernrinne haben die Palpen einen u-förmigen Querschnitt. Lediglich bei den Siboglinidae, die sich ausschließlich über eine Symbiose mit Bakterien ernähren und deshalb keine Nahrung von außen benötigen, fehlen diese Wimpernrinnen.

Verbreitung, Lebensraum und Lebensweise

Die Spionida sind in Meeren weltweit verbreitet und leben sowohl auf weichen als auch auf harten Substraten, wo sie ihre Wohnröhren bauen und so als sessile Tiere leben. Sie ernähren sich als Filtrierer von Detritus und Phytoplankton, das sie mit ihren Palpen aus der Meeresströmung auffangen und durch Wimperntätigkeit an den Palpen zum Mund transportieren.

Systematik

Die Ordnung Canalipalpata bildet laut der Systematik nach Rouse & Fauchald von 1998 mit ihrer Schwestergruppe, den Aciculata, die Unterklasse Palpata.

Laut dieser Systematik gehören zur Ordnung Canalipalpata die Unterordnungen Sabellida, Terebellida und Spionida mit nachfolgenden Familien:

Literatur

Weblinks

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  • Fredrik Pleijel and Gregory W. Rouse: Canalipalpata. In: The Tree of Life Web Project, 2004.
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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary ( German )

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Canalipalpata ist der Name einer Ordnung meist sessiler und röhrenbauender, als Filtrierer lebender Vielborster (Polychaeta) in der Unterklasse Palpata, die in Meeren weltweit zu finden sind.

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Canalipalpata

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 src=
Sabellastarte magnifica, magnificent feather duster worm

Canalipalpata, also known as bristle-footed annelids or fan-head worms, is an order of polychaete worms, with 31 families in it including the suborder Sabellida (families Serpulidae (tubeworms) and Sabellidae (fanworms and feather duster worms) and the Alvinellidae, a family of deep-sea worms associated with hydrothermal vents.

The Canalipalpata have no teeth or jaws.[1] Most are filter feeders. They have grooved palpi, which are covered in cilia. These cilia are used to transport food particles to the mouth. However, the cilia and grooves have been lost in the Siboglinidae family.[2]

Fossil record

The earliest known member of the Canalipalpata is Terebellites franklini, which was found in the Clouds Rapids Formation of Newfoundland, and dates from the mid Cambrian (St David's series).[3]

Use in aquaria

Many species of Canalipalpata are visually attractive. Fanworms and Christmas tree worms (a type of serpulid) are recommended as species for beginners to keep in a marine aquarium.[4]

Taxonomy

Order Canalipalpata

References

  1. ^ Robert D. Barnes (1980). Invertebrate Zoology (4th ed.). Holt-Saunders. ISBN 4-8337-0001-8.
  2. ^ Peter Ax (1996). Multicellular Animals: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa. 2. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-67406-3.
  3. ^ M.J.Benton, ed. (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall. ISBN 0-412-39380-8.
  4. ^ Martyn Haywood; Sue Wells (1989). The Manual of Marine Invertebrates. Salamander Books Limited, London. ISBN 0-86101-474-X.

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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
 src= Sabellastarte magnifica, magnificent feather duster worm

Canalipalpata, also known as bristle-footed annelids or fan-head worms, is an order of polychaete worms, with 31 families in it including the suborder Sabellida (families Serpulidae (tubeworms) and Sabellidae (fanworms and feather duster worms) and the Alvinellidae, a family of deep-sea worms associated with hydrothermal vents.

The Canalipalpata have no teeth or jaws. Most are filter feeders. They have grooved palpi, which are covered in cilia. These cilia are used to transport food particles to the mouth. However, the cilia and grooves have been lost in the Siboglinidae family.

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Canalipalpata ( French )

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Les Canalipalpata constituent, selon les classifications, un ordre ou une infraclasse de vers polychètes sédentaires.

Liste des familles et sous-ordres

Selon World Register of Marine Species (29 octobre 2015)[1] :

Références taxinomiques

Notes et références

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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary ( French )

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Les Canalipalpata constituent, selon les classifications, un ordre ou une infraclasse de vers polychètes sédentaires.

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Canalipalpata ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Canalipalpata zijn een infraklasse van borstelwormen (Polychaeta).

Taxonomie

De volgende taxa zijn bij de onderklasse ingedeeld:

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Canalipalpata zijn een infraklasse van borstelwormen (Polychaeta).

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Canalipalpata ( Portuguese )

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Subordens e famílias

Canalipalpata G.W.Rouse & K.Fauchald, 1997 é uma ordem de anelídeos da classe Polychaeta (poliquetas) que inclui 31 famílias de filtradores, maioritariamente marinhos, agrupadas em 3 subordens, entre as quais Sabellida (com os anelídeos com penacho branquial em forma de leque Serpulidae e Sabellidae) e Alvinellidae (uma família que inclui espécies de águas profundas associadas às fontes hidrotermais).[1]

Descrição

As espécies que integram o taxon Canalipalpata não apresentam maxilares ou dentição,[1] sendo na sua grande maioria animais filtradores dos fundos marinhos. Apresentam palpos sulcados e recobertos por cílios que são utilizados para transportar as partículas de alimento até à boca. Contudo, os cílios e os sulcos não estão presentes na família Siboglinidae.[2]

O registo fóssil mais antigo conhecido de membros do grupo Canalipalpata é um fóssil da espécie Terebellites franklini, encontado na Formação Clouds Rapids da Terra Nova, datado do Cambriano médio (série St. David).[3]

Muitas espécies de de Canalipalpata são visualmente atractivas, em especial as poliquetas-leque do grupo Sabellida e da espécie Spirobranchus giganteus (um Serpulidae), sendo utilizadas em aquariofilia e recomendadas para a decoração de aquários marinhos.[4]

Taxonomia

A ordem Canalipalpata inclui as seguintes subordens e famílias:

Referências

  1. a b Robert D. Barnes (1980). Invertebrate Zoology 4th ed. [S.l.]: Holt-Saunders. ISBN 4-8337-0001-8
  2. Peter Ax (1996). Multicellular Animals: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa. 2. [S.l.]: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-67406-3
  3. M.J.Benton, ed. (1993). The Fossil Record 2. [S.l.]: Chapman & Hall. ISBN 0-412-39380-8
  4. Sue Wells (1989). The Manual of Marine Invertebrates. [S.l.]: Salamander Books Limited, London. ISBN 0-86101-474-X

Ligações externas

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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary ( Portuguese )

provided by wikipedia PT
 src= Sabellastarte magnifica.

Canalipalpata G.W.Rouse & K.Fauchald, 1997 é uma ordem de anelídeos da classe Polychaeta (poliquetas) que inclui 31 famílias de filtradores, maioritariamente marinhos, agrupadas em 3 subordens, entre as quais Sabellida (com os anelídeos com penacho branquial em forma de leque Serpulidae e Sabellidae) e Alvinellidae (uma família que inclui espécies de águas profundas associadas às fontes hidrotermais).

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Canalipalpata ( Swedish )

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Canalipalpata är en ordning I klassen havsborstmaskar. Dessa engelska namn, bristle-footed annelids, betyder borstfotade ringmaskar. Arter inkluderar Swima bombiviridis, i familjen Acrocirridae.

Taxonomi

Ordning Canalipalpata


Källor

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Canalipalpata: Brief Summary ( Swedish )

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Canalipalpata är en ordning I klassen havsborstmaskar. Dessa engelska namn, bristle-footed annelids, betyder borstfotade ringmaskar. Arter inkluderar Swima bombiviridis, i familjen Acrocirridae.

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Canalipalpata ( Ukrainian )

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Опис

Canalipalpata немає зубів або щелеп. Більшість з них є фільтраторами.[1] Головний відділ тіла, протосома, несе щупальця (від 1 до 2000), що оточені війками. Ці війки використовуються для транспортування частинок їжі до рота. Проте, війки були втрачені в погонофор.[2]

Скам'янілості

Найдавнішою скам'янілістю Canalipalpata є Terebellites franklini, що була знайдена в Ньюфаундленді з середини кембрію.[3]

Класифікація

Ряд Canalipalpata

Примітки

  1. Peter Ax (1996). Multicellular Animals: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa 2. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-67406-3.
  2. Robert D. Barnes (1980). Invertebrate Zoology (вид. 4th). Holt-Saunders. ISBN 4-8337-0001-8.
  3. M.J.Benton, ред. (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall. ISBN 0-412-39380-8.

Джерела

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管觸鬚下綱 ( Chinese )

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見內文

 src=
Sabellastarte magnifica, magnificent feather duster worm

管觸鬚下綱(學名:Canalipalpata),舊作管觸鬚目,是環節動物多毛綱之下的一個分類元,下領31個科。

管觸鬚下綱的物種均沒有牙或下顎[1],當中大部分均為濾食性動物觸肢有開槽,外有纖毛覆蓋。這些纖毛用於將食物顆粒輸送到口部。然而,鬚腕科物種的纖毛和開槽在進化過程中已經消失[2]

分類

根據WoRMS,管觸鬚下綱主要包括下列三個目,牠們原來都是管觸鬚目之下的三個亞目[3][4]

參考文獻

  1. ^ Barnes, Robert D. Invertebrate Zoology 4th. Holt-Saunders. 1980. ISBN 4-8337-0001-8.
  2. ^ Ax, Peter. Multicellular Animals: The Phylogenetic System of the Metazoa 2. Springer-Verlag. 1996. ISBN 3-540-67406-3 (英语).
  3. ^ Read, Geoffrey. Canalipalpata. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-03-05].
  4. ^ Rouse, G.W.; Fauchald, Kristian. Cladistics and polychaetes.. Zoologica Scripta. 1997, 26 (2): 162. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.1997.tb00412.x (英语).
  5. ^ Read, Geoffrey. Sabellida. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-03-05].
  6. ^ 無脊椎動物 環節動物門 多毛綱(三) 纓鰓蟲目-中國動物志-第五十四卷. (原始内容存档于2016-03-29).
  7. ^ Read, Geoffrey. Spionida. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-03-05].
  8. ^ WoRMS. Spioniformia. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-03-05].
  9. ^ Fauchald, K. The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera (PDF). Science Series (Los Angeles, CA (USA): Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County). 1977, (28): 1–188 (英语).
  10. ^ WoRMS. Terebellida. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-03-17].
  11. ^ Orrhage, Lars. On the anatomy of the central nervous system and the morphological value of the anterior end appendages of Ampharetidae, Pectinariidae and Terebellidae (Polychaeta). Acta Zoologica. 2001, 82 (1): 57–71. doi:10.1046/j.1463-6395.2001.00070.x.
  12. ^ Buzhinskaya, Galina N. Unique morphological features of certain deep-water pelagic polychaetes. Doklady Biological Sciences俄语Доклады Академии наук. 1996, 347: 139–141 (英语).
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 Buzhinskaja, G.N. On the morphology of the genus Flota Hartman, 1967 and corroboration of the family status of Flotidae Buzhinskaja, 1996 (Polychaeta) (PDF). Zoosystematica Rossica. 2006, 15 (1): 7–17 (英语).
  14. ^ WoRMS. Flotidae Buzhinskaya, 1996. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-08-29].
  15. ^ Osborn, Karen; Rouse, Greg. Multiple origins of pelagicism within Flabelligeridae (Annelida). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (1): 386–392. 2008. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.042 (英语).
  16. ^ WoRMS. Poeobiidae Heath, 1930. World Register of Marine Species. [2016-08-29].
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管觸鬚下綱: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科
 src= Sabellastarte magnifica, magnificent feather duster worm

管觸鬚下綱(學名:Canalipalpata),舊作管觸鬚目,是環節動物多毛綱之下的一個分類元,下領31個科。

管觸鬚下綱的物種均沒有牙或下顎,當中大部分均為濾食性動物觸肢有開槽,外有纖毛覆蓋。這些纖毛用於將食物顆粒輸送到口部。然而,鬚腕科物種的纖毛和開槽在進化過程中已經消失。

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Classification

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Zrzavý et al (2009) suggest the traditional "Scolecida" and "Canalipalpata" are both polyphyletic, forming instead two clades: one including Cirratuliformia and the "sabelloid-spionoid clade" (incl. Sternaspis, Sabellidae-Serpulidae, Sabellariidae, Spionida s. str.), the other ("terebelloid-capitelloid clade") including Terebelliformia, Arenicolidae-Maldanidae, and Capitellidae-Echiurida.
Sabellariidae lie outside Sabellida and have Spionida affinities according to Capa et al (2012)

References

  • Zrzavý, J.; Xíha, P.; Piálek, L.; Janouškovec, J. (). Phylogeny of Annelida (Lophotrochozoa): total-evidence analysis of morphology and six genes - art. no. . Bmc Evolutionary Biology : -.
  • Capa, Maria; Hutchings, Pat; Peart, Rachael. . Systematic revision of Sabellariidae (Polychaeta) and their relationships with other polychaetes using morphological and DNA sequence data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (): -

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bibliographic citation
Zrzavý, J.; Xíha, P.; Piálek, L.; Janouškovec, J. (2009). Phylogeny of Annelida (Lophotrochozoa): total-evidence analysis of morphology and six genes - art. no. 189. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 9: 189-189. Capa, Maria; Hutchings, Pat; Peart, Rachael. 2012. Systematic revision of Sabellariidae (Polychaeta) and their relationships with other polychaetes using morphological and DNA sequence data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 164(2): 245-284
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