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Brief Summary

    Karthala scops owl: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    The Karthala scops owl, also known as Grand Comoro scops owl or Comoro scops owl, (Otus pauliani) is a small, scops owl endemic to the island of Grande Comore in the Comoro Islands.

Comprehensive Description

    Karthala scops owl
    provided by wikipedia

    The Karthala scops owl, also known as Grand Comoro scops owl or Comoro scops owl, (Otus pauliani) is a small, scops owl endemic to the island of Grande Comore in the Comoro Islands.

    Description

    The Karthala scops owl lacks ear tufts and come in two colour forms, a light morph and a dark morph. The light morph is dark greyish brown on the upperparts with fine barring and pale spots along the scapulars. The underparts are reddish buff with a dense pattern of fine barring on the flight feathers and tail. The dark morph is overall dark chocolate brown but no specimen of a dark morph individual has been taken. It measures 20 cm (7.9 in) in length and the wingspan is 45 cm (18 in).[2]

    Voice

    A whistled "toot" which is given repeatedly with one second intervals.[3]

    Distribution and habitat

    Endemic to the island of Grande Comore, the Karthala scops owl is found only on Mount Karthala, an active volcano. Here it inhabits the montaine forest, some secondary growth and the tree heath above the forest.[2]

    Habits

    Nocturnal and very territorial, the Karthala scops owl will approach an imitation of its call, otherwise almost unknown. It has relatively weak talons so probably feeds on insects and other invertebrates. It is though to nest in tree cavities.[2]

    Status and population

    It has an estimated population of 2,000. It is classified as "Critically Endangered" due to it being restricted to such a small area, which is being rapidly deforested.[4]

    Taxonomy

    The Karthala scops owl was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Madagascar scops owl Otus rutilus, but with the other Comoro Islands scops owls it is now regarded as a separate species.[5]

    References

    1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Otus pauliani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ a b c König, Claus; Weick, Friedhelm; Becking, Jan-Hendrick (1999). Owls A Guide to the Owls of the World. Pica Press. p. 224. ISBN 1-873403-74-7.
    3. ^ Kemp, Alan; Kemp, Meg (1998). SASOL Birds of Prey of Africa and its Islands. New Holland. pp. 320–321. ISBN 1 85974 100 2.
    4. ^ "Grand Comoro Scops-owl Otus pauliani". Birdlife International. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
    5. ^ "Comoro Scops-Owl Otus pauliani Benson, 1960". Avibase. Denis Lepage. Retrieved 30 October 2016.