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Pacific Herring

Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847

Brief Summary

    Clupea pallasii: Brief Summary ( French )
    provided by wikipedia Français

    Hareng du Pacifique

    Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour l’article homonyme, voir Hareng. Clupea pallasii, aussi dénommé Hareng du Pacifique (Pacific herring en anglais), est une espèce de hareng présent principalement au large des côtes pacifiques et arctiques de l'Amérique du Nord et de l'Asie du Nord-Est. C'est un poisson argenté aux nageoires droites et à la nageoire caudale très échancrée. L'espèce est nommée d'après Peter Simon Pallas, célèbre naturaliste et explorateur allemand du XIXe siècle.

    Les populations de Hareng du Pacifique se répartissent tout au long de la côte pacifique nord-américaine, depuis la péninsule de Basse-Californie jusqu'au détroit de Béring, ainsi qu'au sud du Japon. Des populations isolées existent également dans les mers d'Europe du Nord-Est, qui sont souvent considérées appartenir aux sous-espèces Clupea pallasii marisalbi (Hareng blanc) et Clupea pallasii suworowi (Hareng de Chosha).

    Clupea pallasii est considéré comme une espèce clé de voûte à cause de sa très haute productivité et de ses interactions avec un grand nombre de prédateurs et de proies. Il se reproduit à des saisons diverses, mais souvent dans la première partie de l'année dans les milieux intertidaux et néritiques, comme dans les herbiers de zostère ou toute autre végétation immergée. Contrairement à d'autres espèces, il ne meurt pas après le frai et peut se reproduire pendant plusieurs années.

    Poisson très pêché en Amérique du Nord, ses stocks se sont effondrés en 1993, mais depuis retrouvent lentement une viabilité commerciale.

    Clupea pallasii: Brief Summary ( Italian )
    provided by wikipedia Italiano

    L'Aringa oceanica (Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847), è un pesce osseo marino appartenente alla famiglia dei Clupeidae.

    Clupea pallasii: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )
    provided by wikipedia Español

    El arenque del Pacífico (Clupea pallasii pallasii) es un pez de la familia de los clupeidos, común en el norte del océano Pacífico desde Japón hasta México, así como en el océano Ártico.​

    Clupea pallasii: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )
    provided by wikipedia CA

    Clupea pallasii és una espècie de peix de la família dels clupèids i de l'ordre dels clupeïformes.

    Cá trích Thái Bình Dương: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )
    provided by wikipedia VI

    Cá trích Thái Bình Dương, tên khoa học Clupea pallasii, là một loài cá trích thuộc họ Cá trích có liên quan với môi trường Thái Bình Dương của Bắc MỹĐông Bắc Á. Loài cá này phân bố rộng rãi dọc theo bờ biển California từ Baja California về phía bắc Alaska và biển Bering, ở châu Á thì phạm vi phân bố nằm ở phía nam Nhật Bản. Clupea pallasii đôi khi được coi là một loài yếu tố quyết định vì nó có khả năng sinh sản rất cao và tương tác với một số lượng lớn các loài săn mồi và con mồi. Theo các nguồn tin chính phủ, ngành thủy sản đánh bắt cá trích Thái Bình Dương suy sụp trong năm 1993, và đang dần hồi phục khả năng thương mại trong khu vực Bắc Hoa Kỳ. Loài này được đặt tên theo Peter Simon Pallas, một nhà tự nhiên và thám hiểm nổi bật Đức.

    Pacific herring: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    The Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii, is a species of the herring family associated with the Pacific Ocean environment of North America and northeast Asia. It is a silvery fish with unspined fins and a deeply forked caudal fin. The distribution is widely along the California coast from Baja California north to Alaska and the Bering Sea; in Asia the distribution is south to Japan. Clupea pallasii is considered a keystone species because of its very high productivity and interactions with a large number of predators and prey. Pacific herring spawn in variable seasons, but often in the early part of the year in intertidal and sub-tidal environments, commonly on eelgrass, seaweed or other submerged vegetation; however, they do not die after spawning, but can breed in successive years. According to government sources, the Pacific herring fishery collapsed in the year 1993, and is slowly recovering to commercial viability in several North American stock areas. The species is named for Peter Simon Pallas, a noted German naturalist and explorer.

    There are disjunct populations of Clupea pallasii in North-East Europe, which are often attributed to separate subspecies Clupea pallasii marisalbi (White Sea herring) and Clupea pallasii suworowi (Chosha herring).

    Pazifischer Hering: Brief Summary ( German )
    provided by wikipedia Deutsch

    Der Pazifische Hering (Clupea pallasii) galt die längste Zeit als „Rasse“ oder Unterart des Atlantischen Herings (Clupea harengus), seit etwa 25 Jahren aber wird er zunehmend als eigene Art, benannt nach Peter Simon Pallas, aufgefasst. Die Unterschiede sind fließend (er hat z. B. meist 52–55 Wirbel gegenüber 55–57), die Populationen aber geschieden – sympatrisch sind sie nur im nordosteuropäischen Eismeer (Weißes Meer). Trotz biologischer Ähnlichkeit verlief die Geschichte der Nutzung durch den Menschen sehr unterschiedlich.

    Stillahavssill: Brief Summary ( Swedish )
    provided by wikipedia SV

    Stillahavssill (Clupea pallasii) är en art i familjen sillfiskar som finns i norra Stilla havet och delar av Arktis.

    Tyynenmerensilli: Brief Summary ( Finnish )
    provided by wikipedia FI

    Tyynenmerensilli (Clupea pallasii) on Atlantin sillille lähisukuinen kala, jolla on tätä vastaava ekologinen rooli erityisesti Pohjoisella Tyynellämerellä. Se on myös suunnilleen samankokoinen kuin silli, yleensä noin 30 cm, mutta voi kasvaa vajaan puolen metrin ja runsaan puolen kilon mittoihin. Laji on kärsinyt ylikalastuksesta.

    Brief Summary
    provided by EOL authors
    The Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii, is one of three species of herring family (genus Culpea). It is a silvery fish with unspined fins and a deeply forked caudal fin. Clupea pallasii inhabits the Pacific Ocean environment of North America and northeast Asia. It occurs widely along the California coast from Baja California north to Alaska and the Bering Sea and in Asia south to Japan. Clupea pallasii is sometimes considered a keystone species because of its very high productivity and interactions with a large number of predators and prey. Pacific herring spawn in variable seasons, but often in the early part of the year in intertidal and sub-tidal environments, commonly on eelgrass or other submerged vegetation. They do not die after spawning, but can breed in successive years. According to government sources, the Pacific herring fishery collapsed in the year 1993, and is slowly recovering to commercial viability in several North American stock areas. The species is named for Peter Simon Pallas, a noted German naturalist and explorer. (Barnhart 1988; Wikipedia 2011)

    Brief Summary
    provided by FAO species catalogs
    Coastal,pelagic, schooling,migrating inshore to breed, but without any strong north-south migrations, the population being localized. Apparently landlocked populations (races) exist in the lakes of South Sakhalin, eastern Hokkaido and eastern Honshu.Feeds on euphausids, also copepods, mysids, amphipods and zoea of crabs Breeds from December to July, depending on the latitude, coming into shallow water and depositing eggs on marine vegetation (mainly eelgrass and seaweeds) or solid materials. Spawning fishes will enter estuaries.
    Śledź pacyficzny: Brief Summary ( Polish )
    provided by wikipedia POL

    Śledź pacyficzny (Clupea pallasii) – gatunek małej ławicowej ryby oceanicznej z rodziny śledziowatych (Clupeidae), o srebrnoszarej barwie łusek na grzbiecie, srebrnym podbrzuszu i ciemnych płetwach. Dorosłe osobniki mogą dorastać nawet do ponad 45 cm. Zwykle jednak osiągają około 25–30 cm. Długość życia szacuje się na poziomie 18–20 lat. Dorosłe osobniki odżywiają się małymi rybami i większymi skorupiakami, młode zaś mniejszymi skorupiakami i larwami mięczaków. Jeden z podstawowych gatunków poławianych na północnym Pacyfiku. Mięso śledzia pacyficznego trafia głównie na rynek azjatycki. Ikry i płetw śledzia używa się w chińskiej medycynie.

    Тихоокеанская сельдь: Brief Summary ( Russian )
    provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию
     src= Молодь тихоокеанской сельди  src= Мировые уловы тихоокеанской сельди в тоннах между 1950 и 2009 гг

    .

    Выделяют шесть локальных стад тихоокеанской сельди:

    Гижигинско-камчатское стадо Корфокарагинское стадо Сахалино-хоккайдское стадо Стадо заливa Петра Великого Охотское стадо Декастринское стадо

    Японские исследователи выделяют морские и озёрные популяции. Озерные сельди имеют укороченный жизненный цикл, небольшие размеры и массу, созревают рано, держатся у берега, нерестятся в опреснённых водах, мигрируют недалеко.

    Беломорская сельдь (лат. C. pallasii marisalbi)

    Чёшско-печорская сельдь (лат. C. pallasii suworowi)

    ニシン: Brief Summary ( Japanese )
    provided by wikipedia 日本語

    ニシン(鰊・鯡、学名:Clupea pallasii)は、ニシン目ニシン科の海水魚。別名、春告魚(はるつげうお)。欧米で ヘリング Herring, Häring といえばニシンも含むが、普通はタイセイヨウニシン( C. harengus )のことをいう。2種を区別したいときは、ニシンを パシフィックヘリング Pacific herring、タイセイヨウニシンを アトランティックヘリング Atlantic herring という。種小名は、ドイツの生物学者ペーター・ジーモン・パラスにちなむ。繁殖特性や形態などが異なることから本種とタイセイヨウニシンは別種と考える研究者もいる。魚体は細長く、体長は30-35cmほど。背側は青黒色、腹側は銀白色。日本付近では春、産卵のために北海道沿岸に現れる。

    太平洋鯡: Brief Summary ( Chinese )
    provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

    太平洋鲱(学名:Clupea pallasii)是鯡屬的一種魚類。分布於北極海及北太平洋海域,头小,流线形体,体色鲜艳,体侧有银色闪光、背部呈深蓝的金屬色,成体长20—38厘米。棲息在沿海海域,繁殖期時會洄游至淡水溪流,成群活動,主食桡足类翼足类和其他浮游甲壳动物以及鱼类的幼体。有鳕鱼鲑鱼金枪鱼天敌

    太平洋鲱的產卵季不定,但通常是前半年,產卵地點一般位於潮間帶或朝下帶生長有鳗草等各種海草的地方。由於它是一種具有高經濟價值的食用魚,自1993年以來其數量就大幅下滑,不過2010年代以來由於保護得當,北美海域的太平洋鲱數量已經開始緩慢回升。

     src= 太平洋鯡鱼块荞麦面,摄於日本京都市
    청어: Brief Summary ( Korean )
    provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

    청어(靑魚, 영어: Pacific herring, 학명: 라틴어: Clupea pallasii 클루페아 팔라시이[*])는 청어과바닷물고기이다. 몸의 길이는 35cm 정도이고 늘씬하고 옆으로 납작하며, 등은 짙은 청색이고 옆구리와 배는 은빛을 띤 백색이다. 국내에서는 전 연안에서 많이 잡혔으나 지금은 감소 추세이다. 한국 동해, 미국 북부, 일본 등지의 근해에 분포한다.

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

Size

Diagnostic Description

    Diagnostic Description
    provided by FAO species catalogs
    Body elongate and fairly slender, belly rather rounded, scutes without prominent keel. No median notch in upper jaw (cf. the introduced Alosa sapidissima of the eastern Pacific).

    Gill cover (operculum) without radiating bony striae (cf. Sardinops, which has dark spots along the flank).

    Pelvic finrays 8 (as in Sardinella lemuru of southern Japan, which has strong fronto-parietal striae on top of head and a pair of fleshy outgrowths on the hind border of the gill opening).

    No distinctive dark spots on body or fins.

    Can be confused with: Overlaps C. harengus in White Sea, but distinguished by fewer vertebrae and post-pelvic scutes (usually 52 to 55 and 10 to 14; cf. usually 55 to 57 and 12 to 16).

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