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542.5969643317.130x130
Life » » Plants » » Palms »

Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) R. Br. ex Mart.

Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Distribution: Southern Japan, Ryukyu Island, Bonin Island; commonly cultivated in Pakistan as an ornamental plant.
    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    introduced; Fla.; native to Asia (southern China, Bonin Islands).

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Sometimes the leaves are used for making fans and the fibre is used for rope making.
    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Livistona chinensis is nNaturalized in Florida (E. H. Butts 1959).
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Trunk usually short and stout, may attain a height of 13 m, profusely ringed; lower portion smooth, upper portion is surrounded by remains of petioles and reticulate fibrous network. Leaves flabellate, 1-1.75 m across, plicate, central part large ovate, divided into 60-90 segments about the middle; segments linear-lanceolate, acuminate, smooth, pendulous; apex deeply forked for c. 30 cm. Petiole large, 60-100 cm or more in length, slender, green, glabrous, plano-convex; margin spiny only on the lower portion or rarely lacking spines; spines small, green, pointed downward. Inflorescence light yellow when young and then becomes green with unpleasant odour, repeatedly branched, bracts many, tubular, sheathing the peduncle and branches. Flowers small, sessile in groups of 2-4 flowers. Petals c. 3 x 2 mm, joined at base. Sepals imbricate. Fruit oval, 1.9 x 1.1 cm, bluish-green, heavily packed on the fruiting spikes.
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Leaves: segment apices lax. Inflorescences with single primary axis and 3 orders of branching. Fruits usually oblong or olive-shaped (rarely globose), ripening from green to blue-green. 2n = 36.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Latania chinensis Jacquin, Fragm. Bot., 16, plate 11, fig. 1. 1801; Saribus chinensis (Jacquin) Blume.

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Disturbed hammocks and mesic woods; 0--10m.

Cyclicity

    Flower/Fruit
    provided by eFloras
    Fl. Per.: February-March. Fr. Per.: June.
    Flowering/Fruiting
    provided by eFloras
    Flowering spring--summer.