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Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames

Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

    Tropidia polystachya
    provided by wikipedia

    Tropidia polystachya, the young palm orchid,[2] is a species of orchid native to Mexico, Central America, Greater Antilles, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Florida, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador (including Galápagos).[1][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

    References

    1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    2. ^ "Tropidia polystachya". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 December 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    3. ^ Flora of North America, v 26 p 596, young palm orchid, Tropidia polystachya (Swartz) Ames
    4. ^ Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley. 1987. An updated and annotated check list of the vascular plants of the Galapagos Islands. Reports from the Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus 16: 1–74.
    5. ^ Dodson, C.H. & P.M. Dodson. 1980. Orchids of Ecuador. Icones Plantarum Tropicarum 4: 301–400.
    6. ^ Ames, O. & D. S. Correll. 1952. Orchids of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Bot. 26(1): i–xiii, 1–395
    7. ^ Carnevali F., G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Jiménez-Machorro, L. Sánchez-Saldaña, L. Ibarra-González, I. M. Ramírez & M. P. Gómez. 2001. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula II: a synopsis of the orchid flora of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula and a tentative checklist of the Orchidaceae of the Yucatan Peninsula biotic province. Harvard Papers in Botany 5(2): 383–466.
    8. ^ Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas
    9. ^ Biota of North America Program, county distribution map

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Fla.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America (Galapagos Islands).

Morphology

    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Plants to 70 cm. Roots several from rhizome, brown, 0.5–3 mm diam., villous. Rhizomes 2.5–4 mm diam. Stems partially concealed by bladeless tubular sheaths proximally when young, naked when older, covered by leaf sheaths distally, usually branched, terete, 31–55 cm × 2–4 mm. Leaves several; sheaths clasping stem, 4–4.5 cm; blade oblong-lanceolate, 6–27 × 2.4–6.7 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences: peduncles 3.5–14 cm; panicles 3–48-flowered, dense, subglobular, 2.5–9 × 3–6.5 cm; floral bracts linear to lanceolate, 4–10 mm, apex acuminate to subulate. Flowers 8–12 mm; sepals greenish white, 5-veined; dorsal sepal concave, oblong to elliptic, 6.5–7 × 2–2.5 mm, apex acute to obtuse; lateral sepals somewhat gibbous, lanceolate-oblong, slightly falcate, 5.5–6.5 × 1.7–2 mm, apex acute; petals white, 3-veined, somewhat falcate, lanceolate to elliptic-oblanceolate, 5–6 × 1.5–2 mm, apex acute; lip embracing column, white with yellow spot on disc, oblong, 4.5–6 × 2 mm, constricted at middle, apex retuse, sometimes obscurely 4-lobed; disc 2-lamellate and flabellate distally; column 4–4.5 mm. Capsules ribbed, 10–14 × 3–6 mm.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Serapias polystachya Swartz, Prodr., 119. 1788; Chloidia polystachya (Swartz) Reichenbach f.; C. vernalis Lindley; Corymbis polystachya (Swartz) Bentham ex Fawcett; Corymborchis polystachya (Swartz) Kuntze; Macrostylis vernalis (Lindley) Reichenbach f.; Neottia polystachya (Swartz) Swartz; Polystachya membranacea A. Richard; Stenorrhynchos polystachyon (Swartz) Sprengel; Tomotris polystachya (Swartz) Rafinesque; Tropidia eatonii Ames

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Moist hardwood hammocks; 0--20m.

Cyclicity

    Flowering/Fruiting
    provided by eFloras
    Flowering Sep--Mar.