dcsimg

Brief Summary

    Black cardamom: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia
    For other uses, see Cardamom (disambiguation).

    Black cardamom, also known as hill cardamom, Bengal cardamom, greater cardamom, Indian cardamom, Nepal cardamom, winged cardamom, or brown cardamom, comes from either of two species in the family Zingiberaceae. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavor, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. In Hindi it is called बड़ी इलाइची (bdei ilaaichi).

    license
    cc-by-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Wikipedia authors and editors
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    wikipedia
    ID
    761b93442ee7806e73788b14b011a9d2

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    E. Himalaya (Nepal to Sikkim), N. India.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
    author
    K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    137481
    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Guangxi, Xizang, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, N India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim].
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 24: 355 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    61560_distribution

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Tong (Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 18: 140. 1998) referred the plants treated in FRPS as Amomum subulatum to A. glabrum. However, one of us (Wu) notes that the species was correctly identified in FRPS, except for the illustration (pl. 46, f. 1--7), which depicts A. glabrum.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 24: 355 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    61559
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Plants 1--2 m tall. Ligule 3--4 mm, membranous, apex rounded, emarginate; petiole absent or nearly so on proximal leaves, 1--3 cm on distal ones; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, 25--60 × 3.5--11 cm, glabrous, base rounded or cuneate, apex long cuspidate. Spikes subturbinate, ca. 5 cm in diam.; peduncle 0.5--4.5 cm, scalelike sheaths brown; bracts pale red, ovate, ca. 3 cm, apex obtuse with horny cusp; bracteoles tubular, ca. 3 cm, apex acute, emarginate. Calyx glabrous, 3-cleft to middle; lobes subulate. Corolla tube equaling calyx; lobes yellow, central one subulate at apex. Lateral staminodes red, subulate, ca. 2 mm. Labellum with yellow midvein, oblong, ca. 3 cm, white pubescent, veins conspicuous, apex involute. Filament ca. 5 mm; anther ca. 1 cm; connective appendage elliptic, entire, ca. 4 mm. Capsule purple or red-brown, globose, 2--2.5 cm in diam., with 10 undulate wings, apex with persistent calyx. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jun--Sep. 2 n = 48.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 24: 355 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    61558
    Elevation Range
    provided by eFloras
    1000-2000 m
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
    author
    K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    142746

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Dense forests; 300--1300 m.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 24: 355 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    61560