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Image of Kyllinga
Unresolved name

Kyllinga brevifolia

Comments

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Reports of Kyllinga brevifolia from Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia should be referred to as K. gracillima.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
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Description

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Plants perennial, cespitose or not, long-creeping rhizomatous. Culms sometimes spaced to 3 cm apart, (5–)12–25(–55) cm, smooth. Leaves flat, 2–21 cm × 1.5–3.5 mm. Inflorescences: spikes 1–3, 4–7 × 4 mm; bracts 3–4, longest ± erect, others ascending to horizontal, flat, 1.5–18 cm × 1–3.3 mm. Spikelets (20–)40–60(–100), pale greenish or reddish brown, ovate, (2.2–)2.5–2.8(–3.2) × (0.6–)0.7–0.8(–1.2) mm; floral scales laterally 2–3-veined, elliptic to ovate, 1.8–3 × (0.8–)1.1–1.6 mm, midvein not winged, apex mucronate; stamens (1–)2; anthers 0.8–1.1 mm; style 0.6–1.2 mm; stigmas 0.5–1.5 mm. Achenes brown, substipitate or stipitate, ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, 1–1.2(–1.3) × 0.6–0.8 mm, stipe, if present, 0.1–0.2 mm, apex obtuse to subtruncate, apiculate, papillate.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
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eFloras.org
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Description

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Perennial, 5-35 cm. Rhizome horizontal, long-creeping, c. 2mm diam., aerial stems arising from every second node. Stem 0.5-1.5 mm diam., sharply trigonous, smooth, green. Leaves much shorter than stem; sheaths 10 - 65 mm, grey or brown, sometimes with reddish tint, scarious; blades up to 10 cm, 1.5-3 mm wide, flat, slightly keeled, sometimes folded, margins smooth, apex flat, short, acute, scabrous along margins and midrib below. Inflorescence a single, round cluster of c. 100 spikes, 5-7 mm; 2-3 bracts foliose, spreading, to 80 mm. Spike c. 2.5 x 1 mm, compressed, pedicel 0.2 mm, glume-like bract scarious, glume-like prophyll scarious; glumes 2, opposite, c. 2.5 mm, keeled, folded, mid-nerve green, smooth or scabrous, acuminate, sides scarious, with 2-3 prominent nerves, white or yellowish and often with brown dots. Stamens 3. Nut c. 1 mm, compressed, obovoid, yellowish, surface papillose.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 206: 168 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
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eFloras.org
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Distribution

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Distribution: Pantropical; often introduced , e.g., to Caucasus; Azores and Portugal (in Fl. Europ.); in Africa S of Sahara; Russian Far East, Japan, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Taiwan, Malaysia, Australia, N and S America.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 206: 168 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
Ala., Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America; Asia; Africa; Australia.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Flower/Fruit

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Fl. Per.: June - September (October).
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 206: 168 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
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visit source
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eFloras

Flowering/Fruiting

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Fruiting summer.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Habitat

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Damp grasslands, shorelines, ditches, croplands; 0–200m.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
original
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eFloras

Habitat

provided by eFloras
Periodically wet meadows, rice fields.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 206: 168 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
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eFloras

Synonym

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Cyperus brevifolius (Rottbøll) Endlicher ex Hasskarl
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of North America Vol. 23: 192, 193 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of North America @ eFloras.org
editor
Flora of North America Editorial Committee
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Synonym

provided by eFloras
Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk., Cat. Hort. bot. Bogor.: 24. 1844; R.R.Stewart, l.c. 87; Kern in Reinwardtia 2: fig. 14. 1952; in Van Steenis, Fl. Males. 7, 3: fig. 70. 1974. Koyama, Fl. Taiwan: pl. 1345. 1979. Noltie, Fl. Bhutan 3,1: fig. 30, a-b. 1994.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 206: 168 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Distribution ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Chile Central
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Universidad de Santiago de Chile
author
Pablo Gutierrez
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Töpökeriö ( Finnish )

provided by wikipedia FI

Töpökeriö (Kyllinga brevifolia) on sarakasvien (Cyperaceae) heimoon ja keriöiden (Kyllinga) sukuun kuuluva monivuotinen kasvilaji. Sitä kasvaa yleisesti trooppisilla ja subtrooppisilla alueilla sekä lämpimillä temperaattisen vyöhykkeen alueilla. Töpökeriö kasvaa erilaisilla avoimilla ruohostomailla, muun muassa tienpientareilla, hakkuuaukeilla sekä jokipenkereillä, aina noin 1500 metrin korkeudelle asti.[2]

Töpökeriö kasvaa 10–50 senttimetriä korkeaksi ja se muodostaa pitkän, lähellä maanpintaa kulkevan juurakon. Varren päässä sijaitseva kukinto on pallomainen ja sen alla on isokokoisia tukilehtiä. Töpökeriön lehdistä ja varsista nousee hienonnettaessa esiin ominainen, minttukaramellintapainen tuoksu ja kasvia käytetäänkin erilaisiin lääkintätarkoituksiin. Hoitokeinona ripuliin käytetään töpökeriön tuoreista varsista valmistettua tahnaa, jota nautitaan riisin kera kerran päivässä kolmen päivän ajan.[2]

Lähteet

  1. Lansdown, R.V.: Kyllinga brevifolia IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1. 2013. International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN, Iucnredlist.org. Viitattu 19.5.2017. (englanniksi)
  2. a b Useful Tropical Plants (Kyllinga brevifolia) Useful Tropical Plants. Viitattu 19.5.2017.

Aiheesta muualla

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Wikipedian tekijät ja toimittajat
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wikipedia FI

Töpökeriö: Brief Summary ( Finnish )

provided by wikipedia FI

Töpökeriö (Kyllinga brevifolia) on sarakasvien (Cyperaceae) heimoon ja keriöiden (Kyllinga) sukuun kuuluva monivuotinen kasvilaji. Sitä kasvaa yleisesti trooppisilla ja subtrooppisilla alueilla sekä lämpimillä temperaattisen vyöhykkeen alueilla. Töpökeriö kasvaa erilaisilla avoimilla ruohostomailla, muun muassa tienpientareilla, hakkuuaukeilla sekä jokipenkereillä, aina noin 1500 metrin korkeudelle asti.

Töpökeriö kasvaa 10–50 senttimetriä korkeaksi ja se muodostaa pitkän, lähellä maanpintaa kulkevan juurakon. Varren päässä sijaitseva kukinto on pallomainen ja sen alla on isokokoisia tukilehtiä. Töpökeriön lehdistä ja varsista nousee hienonnettaessa esiin ominainen, minttukaramellintapainen tuoksu ja kasvia käytetäänkin erilaisiin lääkintätarkoituksiin. Hoitokeinona ripuliin käytetään töpökeriön tuoreista varsista valmistettua tahnaa, jota nautitaan riisin kera kerran päivässä kolmen päivän ajan.

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Wikipedian tekijät ja toimittajat
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wikipedia FI

Kyllinga brevifolia ( Vietnamese )

provided by wikipedia VI

Kyllinga brevifolia là loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cói. Loài này được Rottb. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1773.[1]

Hình ảnh

Chú thích

  1. ^ The Plant List (2010). Kyllinga brevifolia. Truy cập ngày 11 tháng 6 năm 2013.

Liên kết ngoài


Hình tượng sơ khai Bài viết liên quan đến phân họ cói Cyperoideae này vẫn còn sơ khai. Bạn có thể giúp Wikipedia bằng cách mở rộng nội dung để bài được hoàn chỉnh hơn.
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Kyllinga brevifolia: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )

provided by wikipedia VI

Kyllinga brevifolia là loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cói. Loài này được Rottb. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1773.

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短叶水蜈蚣 ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科
二名法 Kyllinga brevifolia
Rottb. 变种

短叶水蜈蚣学名Kyllinga brevifolia),別名無頭土香臺灣南一帶)、無頭香白香附散寒草四川一帶)、金鈕草三莢草球子草金牛草,是莎草科水蜈蚣属的植物。

形态

多年生草本;根状茎匍匐,具有多数的节,每节抽生三棱形地上茎一株,狭线形叶子互生;夏季开花,穗状花序单生茎端,头状或卵状由多数密生小穗组成,基部有线形苞片三枚。

分布

分布在美洲马尔加什印度尼西亚菲律宾喜马拉雅山区、澳洲马来亚越南非洲部热带、印度缅甸以及中国大陆四川贵州安徽浙江云南湖南湖北江西广西福建广东等地,生长于海拔250米至600米的地区,多生长于溪边、路旁草丛中、山坡荒地、田边草地或海边沙滩上,目前尚未由人工引种栽培。

药用

中医上以全草入药,性平、味辛,功能发汗退热、消肿解毒,主治感冒发热、疟疾、痢疾、皮肤瘙痒、蛇虫咬伤等症;近用于乳糜尿。

异名

  • Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. f. pumila (Suringar) Tang et Wang
  • Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. var. leiolepis (Franch. et Sav.) Hara
  • Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. var. stellulata (Suringar) Tang et Wang
  • Kyllinga colorata (L.) Druce

参考文献

  • 昆明植物研究所. 短叶水蜈蚣. 《中国高等植物数据库全库》. 中国科学院微生物研究所. [2009-02-24]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-05).

外部連結

  • 水蜈蚣, Shuiwugong 藥用植物圖像數據庫 (香港浸會大學中醫藥學院) (繁体中文)(英文)
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维基百科作者和编辑

短叶水蜈蚣: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

短叶水蜈蚣(学名:Kyllinga brevifolia),別名無頭土香(臺灣南一帶)、無頭香、白香附、散寒草(四川一帶)、金鈕草、三莢草、球子草、金牛草,是莎草科水蜈蚣属的植物。

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维基百科作者和编辑