dcsimg

Brief Summary

    Agrostis canina: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Agrostis canina, commonly known as velvety bentgrass, brown bent or velvet bent, is a species of grass.

    license
    cc-by-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Wikipedia authors and editors
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    wikipedia
    ID
    16d9f5c3afe1d00ce5a159b0c0a4f20d

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Japan, Kashmir, Mongolia, Russia; Europe, NE America].
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 22: 341, 345, 346, 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    245724_distribution

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    This is a European species, introduced as a lawn grass or adventive in some other temperate countries. Some variants are awnless or have poorly developed awns. It is distinguished from Agrostis vinealis and other awned species with short paleas by the combination of leafy stolons and long anthers.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 22: 341, 345, 346, 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    243640
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Perennial, loosely tufted, stoloniferous, turf-forming. Culms erect or geniculate at base, 20–60 cm tall, 1–1.2 mm in diam., 3–5-noded. Leaf sheaths smooth; leaf blades linear, flat or involute toward apex, 3–20 cm × 1–3 mm, scaberulous; ligule 1.5–4 mm, back scaberulous, apex obtuse or acute. Panicle lax, lanceolate to ovate in outline, 5–12(–20) cm; branches 3–6 per node, spreading at anthesis, usually erect in fruit, capillary, up to 8 cm, scabrid, bare in lower half. Spikelets 1.5–3 mm, purplish brown; glumes lanceolate, subequal, keel scabrid, apex acute; callus hairs ca. 0.2 mm; lemma 2/3 spikelet length, awned from near base to slightly below middle of back, lateral veins minutely exserted, apex obtuse-denticulate; awn weakly geniculate, up to 4.5 mm; palea ca. 0.5 mm. Anthers 1–1.5 mm. Fl. Jul.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 22: 341, 345, 346, 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    241778
    Physical Description
    provided by USDA PLANTS text
    Perennials, Terrestrial, not aquatic, Rhizomes present, Rhizome elongate, creeping, stems distant, Stolons or runners present, Stems nodes swollen or brittle, Stems erect or ascending, Stems geniculate, decumbent, or lax, sometimes rooting at nodes, Stems caespitose, tufted, or clustered, Stems terete, round in cross section, or polygonal, Stem internodes hollow, Stems with inflorescence less than 1 m tall, Stems, culms, or scapes exceeding basal leaves, Leaves mostly cauline, Leaves conspicuously 2-ranked, distichous, Leaves sheathing at base, Leaf sheath mostly open, or loose, Leaf sheath smooth, glabrous, Leaf sheath hairy, hispid or prickly, Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, Leaf blades linear, Leaf blades 2-10 mm wide, Leaf blades mostly flat, Leaf blade margins folded, involute, or conduplicate, Leaf blades mostly glabrous, Ligule present, Ligule an unfringed eciliate membrane, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence an open panicle, openly paniculate, branches spreading, Inflorescence a contracted panicle, narrowly paniculate, branches appressed or ascending, Inflorescence solitary, with 1 spike, fascicle, glomerule, head, or cluster per stem or culm, Inflorescence branches more than 10 to numerous , Lower panicle branches whorled, Flowers bisexual, Spikelets laterally compressed, Spikelet less than 3 mm wide, Spikelets with 1 fertile floret, Spikelets solitary at rachis nodes, Spikelets all alike and fertille, Spikelets bisexual, Spikelets disarticulating above the glumes, glumes persistent, Spikelets disarticulating beneath or between the florets, Rachilla or pedicel glabrous, Glumes present, empty bracts, Glumes 2 clearly present, Glumes equal or subequal, Glumes equal to or longer than adjacent lemma, Glume equal to or longer than spikelet, Glumes 1 nerved, Lemmas thin, chartaceous, hyaline, cartilaginous, or membranous, Lemma 3 nerved, Lemma 5-7 nerved, Lemma glabrous, Lemma apex truncate, rounded, or obtuse, Lemma distinctly awned, more than 2-3 mm, Lemma with 1 awn, Lemma awn less than 1 cm long, Lemma awn subapical or dorsal, Lemma awn once geniculate, bent once, Lemma margins thin, lying flat, Lemma straight, Callus or base of lemma evidently hairy, Callus hai rs shorter than lemma, Palea present, well developed, Palea membranous, hyaline, Palea shorter than lemma, Palea 2 nerved or 2 keeled, Stamens 3, Styles 2-fid, deeply 2-branched, Stigmas 2, Fruit - caryopsis, Caryopsis ellipsoid, longitudinally grooved, hilum long-linear.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    compiler
    Dr. David Bogler
    source
    Missouri Botanical Garden
    source
    USDA NRCS NPDC
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    USDA PLANTS text
    ID
    AGCA4_Agrostis_canina_USDA_keys_object

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Damp grasslands; 1400–3800 m.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of China Vol. 22: 341, 345, 346, 347 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of China @ eFloras.org
    editor
    Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    245724