Comprehensive Description

provided by North American Flora
Catesbaea parviflora vSw. Prodr. 30. 1788
Catesbaea campanulata Sagra; DC. Prodr. 4: 401. 1830.
Echinodendrum campanulatum A. Rich, in .Sagra, Hist. Cuba 11: 18. 1850.
Scolosanthus parviflorus C. Wright; Sauv. Anal. Acad. Ci. Habana 6: 126. 1869.
Catesbaea parviflora var. septenlrionalis Krug & Urban; Urban, Symb. Ant. 1: 429. 1899.
Catesbaea fasciculata Northrop, Mem. Torrev Club 12: 66. 1902.
Catesbaea foliosa Millsp. Field Mus. Publ. Hot. 2: 312. 1909.
A shrub 1-3 meters high, the branches green or grayish, the branchlets stout, green, scaberulous or glabrous, the internodes usually very short, the spines stout or slender, 0.5-2.2 cm. long, or often wanting; stipules triangular, short-acuminate; leaves mostly crowded on short lateral spurs, short-petiolate, the blades orbicular to narrowly obovate-oblong, 3-15 mm. long, 2.5-8 mm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the base, usually broadly rounded at the apex, often apiculate, thick-coriaceous, lustrous above, glabrous, the costa subsulcate, paler beneath, glabrous or scaberulous, the eosta sometimes prominent, the lateral nerves obsolete, the margin more or less revolute, often strongly so; flowers solitary, sessile or subsessile, 4-parted; calyx and hypanthium glabrous or scaberulous, the hypanthium obovoid, the calyx-lobes linearsubulate, sometimes twice as long as the hypanthium; corolla 5-12 mm. long, while, the lobes narrowly triangular, subobtuse, half as long as the tube or shorter; stamens subadherent to the base of the corolla, the anthers exserted, slightly shorter than the filaments; ovules 2-4 in each cell; fruit globose, white, 3-4.5 mm. long, the pericarp thin; seeds oval, not compressed, 1.7 mm. long, reddish-brown, reticulate.
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bibliographic citation
Paul Carpenter Standley. 1934. RUBIALES; RUBIACEAE (pars). North American flora. vol 32(3). New York Botanical Garden, New York, NY
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