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Life » » Plants » » Coffee family »

Galium murale (L.) All.

Brief Summary

    Galium murale: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia
    For other uses of "goosegrass", see Goosegrass.

    Galium murale is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family known by the common names small goosegrass, yellow wall bedstraw and tiny bedstraw. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin of southern Europe and northern Africa, and the Middle East from Turkey and the Caucasus east to Iran and south to Saudi Arabia and Somalia. It is also considered native to the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores. It is naturalised in Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile and California.

    Galium murale is an annual herb producing upright stems just a few centimeters long lined with whorls of 4 to 6 oval-shaped leaves not more than about 3 millimeters long each. Flowers appear singly or in pairs in the leaf axils. Each is about a millimeter wide and greenish to greenish-yellow. The fruit is a tiny nutlet coated in hooked hairs.

Comprehensive Description

    Description
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Galium murale is a hispid annual that reaches up to 5-20 cm long with slender stems, which are mainly from the base. Leaves are1-8 x 1 mm, oblong-lanceolate flat with mucronate apex and tapering base with margin possessing stiff hairs pointing upwards; leaves are produced in whorls of 4 or opposite. Flowers are with yellow corolla and arranged in 1-3- flowered cymes. The fruit is of 1.5-2 mm, 2-lobed cylindrical mericarps, which become arcuate when ripe, with spreading hooked hairs.

    Galium murale
    provided by wikipedia
    For other uses of "goosegrass", see Goosegrass.

    Galium murale is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family known by the common names small goosegrass,[1] yellow wall bedstraw[2] and tiny bedstraw. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin of southern Europe and northern Africa, and the Middle East from Turkey and the Caucasus east to Iran and south to Saudi Arabia and Somalia. It is also considered native to the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores. It is naturalised in Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile and California.[3][4][5]

    Galium murale is an annual herb producing upright stems just a few centimeters long lined with whorls of 4 to 6 oval-shaped leaves not more than about 3 millimeters long each. Flowers appear singly or in pairs in the leaf axils. Each is about a millimeter wide and greenish to greenish-yellow. The fruit is a tiny nutlet coated in hooked hairs.[6][7][8]

    References

    1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ "Galium murale". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
    3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    4. ^ Biota of North America Program
    5. ^ Bacigalupo, N.M., E. L. Cabral & C.M. Taylor. 2008. Rubiaceae. 107(3): 2871–2920. In F. O. Zuloaga, O. N. Morrone & M. J. Belgrano (eds.) Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur, Monographs in Systematic Botany from Missouri Botanical Garden
    6. ^ Allioni, Carlo. 1773. Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 8
    7. ^ Allioni, Carlo. 1785. Flora Pedemontana 1: 8.
    8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana

Distribution

    Distribution in Egypt
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Mareotic Sector.

    Global Distribution
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Mediterranean region, Sinai

Size

    Size
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Height: 5-20 cm

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Stony hillsides

Life Expectancy

    Life Expectancy
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Annual