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Photuris

provided by wikipedia EN
This article is about the genus of fireflies. For the computer protocol, see Photuris (protocol).

Photuris is a genus of fireflies (beetles of the family Lampyridae). These are the femme fatale lightning bugs of North America. This common name refers to a behavior of the adult females of these predatory beetles; they engage in aggressive mimicry, imitating the light signals of other firefly species' females to attract, kill, and eat the males. Their flashing bioluminescent signals seem to have evolved independently and eventually adapted to those of their prey, mainly unrelated Lampyrinae, such as Photinus (rover fireflies) or Pyractomena.[1]

The Pennsylvania lightning bug (P. pensylvanica) is the state insect of Pennsylvania.

Species include:

At least 64 species are recognized,[2] all restricted to temperate North America.[3] They mainly occur from the East Coast to Texas.[4]

References

 src= Media related to Photuris at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Kathrin F. Stanger-Hall, James E. Lloyd & David M. Hillis (2007). "Phylogeny of North American lightning bugs(Coleoptera: Lampyridae): Implications for the evolution of light signals". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 45 (1): 33–49. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.05.013. PMID 17644427..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Lloyd, J.E. (2003). "On research and entomological education VI: Firefly species and lists, old and now". 86 (2): 99–113.
  3. ^ Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.) (2002). American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 0849309549.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Sharp, Kelly. "Photuris versicolor". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 4 December 2014.


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Photuris: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
This article is about the genus of fireflies. For the computer protocol, see Photuris (protocol).

Photuris is a genus of fireflies (beetles of the family Lampyridae). These are the femme fatale lightning bugs of North America. This common name refers to a behavior of the adult females of these predatory beetles; they engage in aggressive mimicry, imitating the light signals of other firefly species' females to attract, kill, and eat the males. Their flashing bioluminescent signals seem to have evolved independently and eventually adapted to those of their prey, mainly unrelated Lampyrinae, such as Photinus (rover fireflies) or Pyractomena.

The Pennsylvania lightning bug (P. pensylvanica) is the state insect of Pennsylvania.

Species include:

Photuris caerulucens – Barber Photuris cinctipennis – Barber, 1951 Photuris congener – LeConte, 1852 Photuris divisa– LeConte, 1852 Photuris fairchildi– Barber Photuris frontalis – LeConte, 1852 Photuris lucicrescens – Barber, 1951 Photuris pensylvanica – De Geer, 1774 Photuris quadrifulgens Photuris tremulans – Barber, 1951 Photuris versicolor – Fabricius, 1798

At least 64 species are recognized, all restricted to temperate North America. They mainly occur from the East Coast to Texas.

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