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Salam Orchis

Gymnadenia orchidis Lindl.

Comments

provided by eFloras
The development and fragrance of the flowers are very similar to the eurosibirian Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br. but the leaves are different in shape and arrangement, being scattered evenly on the stem.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 27 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
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Description

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Plants 30-60 cm tall. Tuberoids palmately divided. Stem rather stout, leafy. Leaves 3-5, erect, oblong, acute, up to 12 x 3.5 cm. Inflorescence very dense, cylindric, 10 (-12) cm long. Bracts ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, exceeding the ovary. Flowers rose-violet, pleasantly scented. Dorsal sepal ovate, 5 x 3(-3.5) mm, connivent with petals forming a loose hood; lateral sepals narrower, oblong, 6x2.5(-3) mm, spreading; petals broadly obliquely-ovate, 5 x 4 mm. Labellum angular-ovate in outline, usually broader than long, 5 x 5.5 mm, cuneate towards the base, shallowly trilobed at apex, lobes rounded. Spur slender, cylindric, acuminate, ± bent outwards, exceeding the ovary, 15-18 mm long, filled with nectar. Ovary slightly twisted, glabrous.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 27 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Distribution

provided by eFloras
Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), S.E. Tibet.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Distribution

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Distribution: Himalaya, from Pakistan to Bhutan, also Yunnan and Szechuan. In alpine pastures, above 2400 m up to 4800 m.
license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 27 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Elevation Range

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3000-4700 m
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Flower/Fruit

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Fl. Per.: July-August.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 27 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
editor
S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
project
eFloras.org
original
visit source
partner site
eFloras

Cyclicity

provided by Plants of Tibet

Flowering from May to August.

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Wen, Jun
author
Wen, Jun
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Plants of Tibet

Diagnostic Description

provided by Plants of Tibet

Gymnadenia orchidis is close relative of Gymnadenia conopsea, but differs from the latter in its leaves elliptic to elliptic-oblong (vs. linear-lanceolate, narrowly oblong, or lorate), mid-lobe of lip equal to or slightly larger than lateral lobes (vs. mid-lobe of lip usually smaller than lateral lobes).

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Wen, Jun
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Wen, Jun
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Plants of Tibet

Distribution

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Gymnadenia orchidis is occurring in SE Gansu, W Hubei, S Qinghai, S Shaanxi, W Sichuan, E and S Xizang, NW Yunnan of China, Bhutan, NE India, Kashmir, Nepal, Pakistan.

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Wen, Jun
author
Wen, Jun
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Plants of Tibet

General Description

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Plants robust, 15-45 cm tall. Tubers ovoid-ellipsoid, 1-3 cm, with slender, elongate lobes. Stem stout, with 2-3-tubular sheaths at base and 3-6 cauline leaves. Leaves widely spaced or clustered, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 4-15 cm long, 2.5-4.5 cm wide, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescence 8-25 cm, stout; peduncle with 1-2 scattered, lanceolate bracts 2-5 cm long; rachis 3-13 cm long, densely many flowered; floral bracts lanceolate, apex acuminate, basal ones longer than flowers. Flowers purplish red or pink, very rarely tinged with white; ovary 7-8 mm long including pedicel. Dorsal sepal erect, ovate, 3-5 mm long, 2-3.5 mm wide, 3-veined, apex obtuse; lateral sepals reflexed, ovate, oblique, 4-5 mm long, 2.5-4 mm wide, 3-veined, margin revolute, apex obtuse. Petals straight, broadly ovate-triangular, oblique, 3-6 mm long, 2.5-4 mm wide, 3-veined, apex obtuse; lip spreading, broadly obovate, 3.5-6 mm long, 3-4.5 mm wide, 3-lobed at apex; lateral lobes ovate, 1-2 mm wide, apex obtuse; mid-lobe triangular, 1-2.2 mm wide, equal to or slightly larger than lateral lobes, apex obtuse to subacute; spur pendulous, slightly curved forward, 7-12 mm long, equal to or exceeding ovary, slender. Column ca. 2 mm long; viscidia lanceolate.

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cc-by-nc
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Wen, Jun
author
Wen, Jun
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Plants of Tibet

Habitat

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Growing in forests, thickets, alpine grassland; 3000-4000 m.

license
cc-by-nc
copyright
Wen, Jun
author
Wen, Jun
partner site
Plants of Tibet