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Smilax pumila Walter

Brief Summary

    Smilax pumila: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Smilax pumila, the sarsaparilla vine, is a North American species of plants native to the southeastern United States from eastern Texas to South Carolina.

    Smilax pumila is a prickly vine or subshrub up to 100 cm (40 inches) tall. It either runs along the ground or clambers up other vegetation. Flowers are yellow; fruits red and egg-shaped.

Comprehensive Description

    Smilax pumila
    provided by wikipedia

    Smilax pumila, the sarsaparilla vine,[2] is a North American species of plants native to the southeastern United States from eastern Texas to South Carolina.[1][3]

    Smilax pumila is a prickly vine or subshrub up to 100 cm (40 inches) tall. It either runs along the ground or clambers up other vegetation. Flowers are yellow; fruits red and egg-shaped.[4]

    References

    1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    2. ^ "Smilax pumila". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 16 November 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
    4. ^ Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 476 Sarsaparilla vine Smilax pumila Walter, Fl. Carol. 244. 1788.

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    The red, pointed fruits and densely pubescent herbage of Smilax pumila are distinctive. In Louisiana, the dried leaves are used to prepare a tea for upset stomach.

    The name Smilax humilis Miller, which predates S. pumila by 20 years and recently has been determined to apply also to this species, has been proposed for rejection (J. L. Reveal 2000). If that proposal is not adopted, the correct name will be S. humilis.

    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Subshrubs or vines; rhizomes black, knotted, 5–6 × 2 cm, often with white to pinkish stolons. Stems perennial, prostrate to clambering, branching, slender, to 1 m, ± woody, densely woolly-pubescent, usually prickly (especially at base). Leaves mostly evergreen, ± evenly disposed; petiole 0.05–0.25 cm, often longer on sterile shoots; blade gray-green, drying to ashy gray-green, obovate to ovate-lanceolate, with 3 prominent veins, 6–10.5 × 5–8 cm, glabrous adaxially, densely puberulent abaxially, base cordate to deeply notched, margins entire, apex bluntly pointed. Umbels 1–7, axillary to leaves, 5–16-flowered, loose, spherical; peduncle 0.2–0.8 cm, shorter than to 1.5 as long as petiole of subtending leaf. Flowers: perianth yellowish; tepals 3–4 mm; anthers much shorter than filaments; ovule 1 per locule; pedicel thin, 0.1–0.4 cm. Berries red, ovoid, 5–8 mm, with acute beaks, not glaucous.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Smilax humilis Miller, name proposed for rejection; S. pubera Michaux; S. puberula Kunth

Habitat

    Habitat & Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Flowering Oct--Nov. Woods, along streams, sandy soil; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C., Tex.