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Distribution

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Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. 1979. Prepared cooperatively by specialists on the various groups of Hymenoptera under the direction of Karl V. Krombein and Paul D. Hurd, Jr., Smithsonian Institution, and David R. Smith and B. D. Burks, Systematic Entomology Laboratory, Insect Identification and Beneficial Insect Introduction Institute. Science and Education Administration, United States Department of Agriculture.

Megastigmus atedius

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Megastigmus atedius (spruce seed chalcid) is a species of minute wasp that feeds on white spruce seed and cones. The damage it causes is largely undetected because the larvae complete their development hidden inside the seeds, which reveal no external indication of this.[1] Although species of Megastigmus are said to be host-specific,[1] the spruce seed chalcid found near Fairbanks, Alaska, was identified by E.H. Holsten and others in 1980[2] as M. piceae, while A.H. Rose and O.H. Lindquist [3] applied the name Megastigmus piceae, but gave the authority as Rohwer.

References

  1. ^ a b Ives, W.G.H.; Wong, H.R. 1988. Tree and shrub insects of the prairie provinces. Gov’t Can., Can. For. Serv., Edmonton AB, Inf. Rep. NOR-X-292. 327 p.[Coates et al. 1994]
  2. ^ Holsten, E.H.; Werner, R.A.; Laurent, T.H. 1980. Insects and diseases of Alaskan forests. USDA, For. Serv., Alaska Region Report No. 75, 185 p.(Cited in Coates et al. 1994).
  3. ^ Rose, A.H.; Lindquist, O.H. 1985. Insects of eastern spruces, fir and, hemlock, revised edition. Gov’t Can., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa, For. Tech. Rep. 23. 159 p. (cited in Coates et al. 1994, cited orig ed 1977)
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Megastigmus atedius: Brief Summary

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Megastigmus atedius (spruce seed chalcid) is a species of minute wasp that feeds on white spruce seed and cones. The damage it causes is largely undetected because the larvae complete their development hidden inside the seeds, which reveal no external indication of this. Although species of Megastigmus are said to be host-specific, the spruce seed chalcid found near Fairbanks, Alaska, was identified by E.H. Holsten and others in 1980 as M. piceae, while A.H. Rose and O.H. Lindquist applied the name Megastigmus piceae, but gave the authority as Rohwer.

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