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Brief Summary

    Sinomicrurus macclellandi: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Sinomicrurus macclellandi, commonly known as MacClelland's coral snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake endemic to southern and eastern Asia.

Comprehensive Description

    Sinomicrurus macclellandi
    provided by wikipedia

    Sinomicrurus macclellandi, commonly known as MacClelland's coral snake, is a species of venomous elapid snake endemic to southern and eastern Asia.

    Etymology

    The specific name, macclellandi, is in honor of Dr. John MacClelland (1805-1875), a physician and naturalist, who worked for the East India Company.[2]

    Description

    S. macclellandi is a small snake, about 40–80 centimetres (16–31 in) in total length (including tail), and has a thin body. Dorsally, it is reddish-brown, with thin, black cross bars, and its belly is creamy white. The head is small, round and black in color, with a broad, creamy white transverse band, and black outlines at the middle of the head. The dorsal scales on the body are smooth, and they are arranged, at midbody, in 13 parallel longitudinal rows.

    Distribution

    It is found in Northern India (Assam, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Mizoram); Arunachal Pradesh (Deban – Changlang district, Chessa, Chimpu – Papum Pare district), Nepal, N Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, Central and Southern China (including Hong Kong, Hainan, north to Gansu and Shaanxi), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan.

    Subspecies

    Four subspecies are recognized, including the nominate subspecies.

    S. m. iwasakii is found on Ishigaki Island and other Ryukyu Islands in Japan.
    S. m. swinhoei is found in Taiwan.
    S. m. univirgatus is found in Nepal, and Sikkim.

    Behavior and habitat

    It is mainly nocturnal and terrestrial. It occurs in forest litter, hillside, and lowland. It is often found hiding under leaves. Although this is a venomous species, it is quite docile and not likely to strike actively.

    Diet

    It preys on small reptiles, such as lizards and snakes.

    Venom

    Like other elapidae, it possesses a potent neurotoxic venom, which is capable of killing a person. Bite symptoms include numbness of lips and difficulty of speech and breathing, followed by blurred vision. Severe bite victims may die of instant heart failure, although there have been only a few human deaths recorded in Thailand.

    Reproduction

    Sinomicrurus macclellandi is an oviparous species. Mature females lay clutches of 6-14 eggs.[4]

    References

    1. ^ a b Sinomicrurus macclellandi at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 28 October 2012.
    2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Sinomicrurus macclellandi, p. 164).
    3. ^ "Sinomicrurus macclellandi swinhoei". Snakes of Taiwan. External link in |work= (help)
    4. ^ Das, Indraneil. 2002. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-056-5 (Sinomicrurus macclellandi, p. 52).