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Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

    Description
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    A medium-sized snake, with a short, stocky body. Largest Egyptian specimen has a total length of 530 mm, up to 750 mm elsewhere. Tail short, tail / total length = 0.09-0.12. It has 12-15 supralabials; eye moderate, separated from supralabials by 3-4 scales, pupil vertical; scales on dorsal side of head moderate, 13-15 interorbitals; dorsals strongly keeled, 31-35 scale rows around mid-body; 174-205 ventrals, 42-52 single subcaudals; anal entire. Dorsum buffish gray, with a mid-dorsalseries of dark-edged pale-gray saddles, interspersed with large rufous-brown blotches; a lateral series of smaller dark spots; dorsal side of head plain brownish; a diagnostic broad, dark-gray band, from the eye to corner of mouth. Venter white.

    Echis coloratus
    provided by wikipedia

    Echis coloratus is a venomous viper species endemic to the Middle East and Egypt.[1] No subspecies are currently recognized.[2]

    Common names: painted saw-scaled viper,[3] painted carpet viper, Burton's carpet viper,[4] more.

    Description

    It grows to a maximum total length (body + tail) of 75 cm (30 in).[3]

    Common names

    Painted saw-scaled viper,[3] painted carpet viper, Burton's carpet viper,[4] Palestine saw-scaled viper,[5] Arabian saw-scaled viper,[6] Mid-East saw-scaled viper.[6]

    Geographic range

    It is found in the Middle East in Sinai, Israel, and Jordan. On the Arabian Peninsula it has been recorded from Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman. In Africa it occurs in eastern Egypt east of the Nile and as far south as the 24th parallel.

    The type locality given is "on Jebel Shárr, at an altitude of 4500 feet ... Midian" (Saudi Arabia, 1371 m altitude).[1]

    Habitat

    It occurs in rocky deserts, from sea level to altitudes as high as 2,500 m (8,200 ft). It is not found in sandy deserts.[4]

    Taxonomy

    In order to maintain nomenclatural stability, Stimson (1974) proposed that E. coloratus be validated over E. froenata. The ICZN subsequently gave coloratus precedence over froenata by use of its plenary powers.[1]

    See also

    References

    1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
    2. ^ "Echis coloratus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
    3. ^ a b c Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
    4. ^ a b c Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Dubai: Ralph Curtis Books. Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
    5. ^ Echis coloratus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 2 August 2007.
    6. ^ a b Echis coloratus at Munich AntiVenom INdex. Accessed 2 August 2007.

    Lifespan, longevity, and ageing
    provided by AnAge articles
    Maximum longevity: 28.3 years (captivity)

Distribution

    Distribution in Egypt
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    The Eastern Desert and Sinai. Widespread, but uncommon, in the Eastern Desert; the southernmost record known from Egypt is from Bir Abraq (UMMZ 181529). However, Joger (1987) reports the species further south from northeast Sudan. In Sinai it is fairly common, but is lacking from the dune fields of the north. Venomous to humans.

    Global Distribution
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Eastern Egypt and Sudan, and Arabia.

    Distribution
    provided by ReptileDB
    Continent: Africa Near-East
    Distribution: E Egypt, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Israel, N Oman, Jordan, United Arab Emirates (UAE) coloratus: NW Arabia, S Levant (Sinai), Wadi Arava), Egypt (east of Nile), Jordan.
    Type locality: Jebel Sharr, Midian, Arabia, elevation 4,500 ft. terraesanctae: Israel, Jordan.
    Type locality: Maale Efrayim, Samaria, Cisjordan.

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    A species of rocky mountainous country, typically found on rather steep slopes with boulders, on ledges, cliffs and rocky wadis. Often near or in oases and near water sources. In South Sinai found up to 2,000 m, and probably reaches higher altitudes. Nocturnal and crepuscular, most active at or just after sunset.

Behavior

    Behaviour
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Nocturnal and crepuscular, most active at or just after sunset.

Conservation Status

    Conservation Status
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Least Concern

    Status in Egypt
    provided by Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk

    Fairly common and widespread