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Philippine lizards of the family Gekkonidae comprise 49 species (Taylor, 1915, 1922; Brown and Alcala, 1978) in 10 genera: Gehyra (1), Gekko (13), Hemidactylus (5), Hemiphyllodactylus (2), Lepidodactylus (6), Luperosaurus (8), Ptychozoon (1), Pseudogekko (4), and Cyrtodactylus (9), (Brown et al., 2007, 2010a, 2011; Welton et al., 2009, 2010a, 2010b; Zug, 2011). An amazing percentage of these species are endemic to the Philippines archipelago (roughly 85%; Brown et al., 2011). Several of the recently described gekkonids in the Philippines were discovered only recently as part of ongoing surveys around the archipelago. Recent phylogenetic studies focused on Philippine gekkonids (Siler et al., 2010; Welton et al., 2010a,b) have resulted in the observation of high levels of genetic diversity among populations of widespread species, an indication that the country's gecko diversity may still be greatly underestimated.
There are currently 33 recognized species in the genus Lepidodactylus, six known to occur in the Philippines (Lepidodactylus aureolineatus, Lepidodactylus balioburius, Lepidodactylus christiani, Lepidodactylus herrei, Lepidodactylus lugubris, Lepidodactylus planicaudus). One of these species (Lepidodactylus herrei) is polytypic, with two subspecies currently recognized to occur in the archipelago (L. h. herrei and L. h. medianus).
Ota and Crombie (1989) named this species based on the Latin roots balius (brown) and burius (beast).
This species is recognized to occur only on Batan Island in the Batanes Island Group.
Batanes Island Group in the extreme northern Philippines.
SE of Mahatao, Mahatao Municipality, Batan Island, Batanes Province, Philippines; type stored in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington; USNM-FS 121559
males 27.2-34.9 mm SVL; females 33.5-38.7 mm SVL (Ota and Crombie, 1989)
This species most closely resembles Lepidodactylus yami known from Lanyu Island (Ota and Crombie, 1989)