The New Zealand plover, red-breasted plover, or New Zealand dotterel (Charadrius obscurus) is an endangered species found only in certain areas of New Zealand. Its Māori names include tūturiwhatu, pukunui, and kūkuruatu. There are two subspecies, C. o. obscurus in the South Island and C. o. aquilonius in the North Island. A 2015 study found its closest relatives to be other plovers found in New Zealand, the nearest the wrybill (Anarhynchus frontalis), which the study found to be in the Charadrius clade, and then the double-banded plover or banded dotterel (Charadrius bicinctus).
New Zealand plovers are shorebirds and are usually found on sandy beaches and sandspits or feeding on tidal estuaries. In 1990 these birds were nearing extinction with about 1300 northern dotterels, and about 75 southern dotterels, but conservation measures were effective in raising these numbers to 1700 and 250 respectively by 2005.