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Brief Summary

    Leptodactylus labyrinthicus: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Leptodactylus labyrinthicus is a species of frog in the family Leptodactylidae. Its common names are labyrinth frog, pepper frog, South American pepper frog, and pepper foam frog. This frog is found in central and southeastern Brazil, northeast Argentina (Misiones and Corrientes Provinces), and eastern Paraguay. Earlier reports from Bolivia refer to Leptodactylus vastus, or possibly an unnamed species.

    Brief Summary
    provided by IABIN
    Diagnosis A big species of frog (males 117-188 mm snout-vent length, females 124-166 mm snout-vent length) with a distinctive labyrinthine belly pattern, living in a subtropical and tropical open formations incliding much of the Cerrado Morphoclimatic Domain and cerrado-like enclaves in tropical rain forest.

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by IABIN
    Occurs in the Cerrados and Caatingas Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Bolivia, northern Argentina (Misiones and Corrientes Provinces), and southern Brazil. It occurs at elevations of up to 1,000m asl.

Morphology

    Morphology
    provided by IABIN
    arborea

Diagnostic Description

    Diagnostic Description
    provided by IABIN
    Adult morphology Lip pattern often dark elongate triangular marks on lip edge, fading towards eye, 2 dark marks under eye; or broad irregular darker and lighter bands, 2 dark bands entering eye. Lip pattern rarely uniform light; or dark triangular marks on edge of upper lip only; or dark triangular marks, 1 or 2 elongate approaching or entering lower eye; or dark with two narrow light chevrons from lip entering eye; or alternating broad light bands and narrow dark vertical stripes, 1-3 dark stripes entering eye. Dorsal pattern often uniform light or dark; or with a series of regularly or irregularly placed small, dark spots; or with series of irregularly spaced, indefined small blotches; or with single broad dark chevron posterior to interorbital bar followed by a series of fairly regularly spaced large dark spots. Dorsal pattern rarely uniform light with 1-2 welldefined, narrow transverse bands; or well developed dark interorbital band/chevron and 2 moderate to large equally intense dark chevrons, second chevron in sacral region, chevrons confluent or not; or two broad dark transverse bands between interorbital bar and arm insertion area, rest of dorsum with large spots. Belly usually labyrinthine. Belly often light with dark vermiculations. Belly rarely light (no pattern); or with lateral and anterior mottling only; or mottled or uniform dark; or dark with large light vermiculations. Posterior thigh pattern usually dark with large light vermiculations, some coalescing of vermiculations. Thigh often dark with small distinct light vermiculations or spots; or mostly very distinctly light with few irregular dark marks. Thigh rarely dark with distinct, discrete light spots; or dark with contrasting large light irregular blotches/spots extending from light dorsal transverse bars, rest of thigh dark with light vermiculations. Dorsolateral folds usually interrupted from at least 1/2 to full distance from eye to sacrum. Dorsolateral folds often interrupted from at least 1/4 distance to 1/2 distance from eye to sacrum. Dorsolateral folds rarely absent; or entire from at least 1/4 to full distance from eye to sacrum; or interrupted to at least between sacrum and some distance to groin. Flank folds usually with dark spot/wart in area where fold would be between tympanum and shoulder. Flank folds often absent. Flank folds rarely interrupted from tympanum to lower flank; or entire from tympanum to lower flank. Male thumb usually with one large spine. Male thumb often with one tiny to small spine. Male thumb rarely with one large spine and a prepollical bump. Large breeding males with chest spines. Females snout-vent length: 124.0-166.0 mm, males snout-vent length: 117.1-188.0, not sexually dimorphic. Larval morphology The length of the tail is remarkable: 3/4 of the total length. The body is elliptical, dorsally grayish, ventrally light, with nar¬row snout and nostrils located at the same distance between tip of snout and eye. The intenarial interval is about 2/3 of the interocular distance. As well as in the tadpoles of the other species of this group, the spiracle is sinistral and the vent is median. Caudal fins regularly scattered with large dark blotches, ending in a very sharp tip. Mouth with a row of coarse papillae; the median part of the upper lip is bare; the horny beaks are strong and wide. Usual tooth tows formula: 1/2(1).

Cyclicity

    Cyclicity
    provided by IABIN
    Jul/set

Life Cycle

    Life Cycle
    provided by IABIN
    Perene

Reproduction

    Reproduction
    provided by IABIN
    sementes

Conservation Status

    Conservation Status
    provided by IABIN
    LC. Least Concern.