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Dwarf Japanese Juniper

Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miq.

Brief Summary

    Juniperus procumbens: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Juniperus procumbens is a low-growing shrubby juniper native to the southern Japan. Its status as a wild plant is disputed; some authorities treat it as endemic on high mountains on Kyūshū and a few other islands off southern Japan, while others consider it native to the coasts of southern Japan (north to Chiba Prefecture) and also the southern and western coasts of Korea. It is closely related to Juniperus chinensis, and is sometimes treated as a variety of it, as J. chinensis var. procumbens.

    It is a prostrate shrub, usually growing 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) tall, occasionally 50 cm (20 in); while it does not get very tall it can get quite wide, 2–4 m (6.6–13.1 ft) across or more, with long prostrate branches. The branches tend to intertwine and form a dense mat. The leaves are arranged in decussate whorls of three; all the leaves are juvenile form, needle-like, 6–8 mm long and 1-1.5 mm broad, with two white stomatal bands on the inner face. It is dioecious with separate male and female plants. The cones are berry-like, globose, 8–9 mm in diameter, dark blackish-brown with a pale blue-white waxy bloom, and contain two or three seeds (rarely one); they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3–4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It is dioecious, producing cones of only one sex on each plant.

Comprehensive Description

    Juniperus procumbens
    provided by wikipedia

    Juniperus procumbens is a low-growing shrubby juniper native to the southern Japan. Its status as a wild plant is disputed; some authorities treat it as endemic on high mountains on Kyūshū and a few other islands off southern Japan,[2] while others consider it native to the coasts of southern Japan (north to Chiba Prefecture) and also the southern and western coasts of Korea.[3] It is closely related to Juniperus chinensis, and is sometimes treated as a variety of it, as J. chinensis var. procumbens.[2][3]

    It is a prostrate shrub, usually growing 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in) tall, occasionally 50 cm (20 in); while it does not get very tall it can get quite wide, 2–4 m (6.6–13.1 ft) across or more, with long prostrate branches. The branches tend to intertwine and form a dense mat. The leaves are arranged in decussate whorls of three; all the leaves are juvenile form, needle-like, 6–8 mm long and 1-1.5 mm broad, with two white stomatal bands on the inner face. It is dioecious with separate male and female plants. The cones are berry-like, globose, 8–9 mm in diameter, dark blackish-brown with a pale blue-white waxy bloom, and contain two or three seeds (rarely one); they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3–4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It is dioecious, producing cones of only one sex on each plant.[2][3][4]

    Cultivation and uses

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    A bonsai specimen of 'Nana'

    Several cultivars have been selected, the most widely grown being 'Nana', a slow-growing procumbent plant,[3][5] which in the UK has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[6][7] Others include 'Bonin Isles', a strong-growing mat-forming plant collected on the Bonin Islands,[5] and 'Green Mound', which may just be a renaming of 'Nana'.[5] A variegated plant sold under the name J. procumbens 'Variegata' is actually a cultivar of J. chinensis misnamed.[5]

    References

    1. ^ Farjon, A. & Carter, G. (2013). "Juniperus procumbens". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42246A2966301. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42246A2966301.en. Retrieved 10 November 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ a b c Farjon, A. (2005). Monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-068-4
    3. ^ a b c d Adams, R. P. (2014), Junipers of the World (4th ed.), Trafford Publishing, p. 112, ISBN 1-4907-2325-0[self-published source]
    4. ^ Gymnosperm Database: Juniperus procumbens
    5. ^ a b c d Welch, H. & Haddow, G. (1993). The World Checklist of Conifers. ISBN 0-900513-09-8
    6. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Juniperus procumbens 'Nana'". Retrieved 14 March 2018.
    7. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 56. Retrieved 14 March 2018.

Morphology

    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Shrubs procumbent, to 70 cm; branches creeping, much elongated, leading shoots and branchlets ascending. Leaves in whorls of 3, all needlelike, unequal in length, 6-8 mm, rigid, slightly concave adaxially, with 2 white stomatal bands adaxially, base decurrent apex sharply pointed. Pollen cones not seen. Seed cones black when ripe, glaucous, subglobose, 8-9 mm in diam., 2- or 3-seeded. Seeds ca. 4 mm, ridged.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Juniperus chinensis Linnaeus var. procumbens Endlicher, Syn. Conif. 21. 1847; Sabina procumbens (Endlicher) Iwata & Kusaka.

Habitat

    Habitat & Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Cultivated for ornament. Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shangdong, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to Japan (including Bonin Islands)]