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Brief Summary

    Ansonia tiomanica: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Ansonia tiomanica (common names: Pulau Tioman slender toad, Pulo Tioman stream toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Tioman Island (=Pulau Tioman), off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Tioman Island off the east coast of West MalaysiaTioman Island off the east coast of West Malaysia Tioman Island, the only place where Ansonia tiomanica occurs.

Comprehensive Description

    Ansonia tiomanica
    provided by wikipedia

    Ansonia tiomanica (common names: Pulau Tioman slender toad, Pulo Tioman stream toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Tioman Island (=Pulau Tioman), off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.[1][2][3]

    Tioman Island off the east coast of West Malaysia
    Tioman Island off the east coast of West Malaysia
    Tioman Island, the only place where Ansonia tiomanica occurs.

    Description

    Males measure 27–31 mm (1.1–1.2 in) and females 32–37 mm (1.3–1.5 in) in snout–vent length. The tympanum is distinct. The dorsum has rough skin and is black in colour, covered with small, yellow spots; juveniles may have orange spots. The chest and belly are black. The fingers and toes are long and thin and have bulbous tips.[3]

    The colouration might be aposematic as the skin contains toxins that can kill other frogs.[3]

    Habitat and conservation

    The species' natural habitats are primary montane forests. At lower elevations (around 200 m), it is generally associated with boulder habitats along fast-flowing streams. At higher elevations (>800 m), the species is restricted to cave-like microhabitats formed by large granite boulders. These frogs are active at night and most often found perched on vertical surfaces of rocks, rarely on leaves.[3]

    It can in future be threatened by habitat loss caused by clearance for tourism infrastructure, and is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species because it is known from only one location.[1]

    References

    1. ^ a b c van Dijk, P.P.; Sukumaran, J.; Yaakob, N. & Tzi Ming, L. (2004). "Ansonia tiomanica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T54484A11139960. Retrieved 15 April 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Ansonia tiomanica Hendrickson, 1966". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
    3. ^ a b c d "Ansonia tiomanica". Amphibians and Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
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