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Brief Summary

    Kalophrynus subterrestris: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Kalophrynus subterrestris is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It endemic to Borneo where it is known from Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), although it is also presumed to be present in Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Brunei. Common names burrowing grainy frog and Labang sticky frog have been coined for this species.

Comprehensive Description

    Kalophrynus subterrestris
    provided by wikipedia

    Kalophrynus subterrestris is a species of frog in the family Microhylidae. It endemic to Borneo where it is known from Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia),[3][4] although it is also presumed to be present in Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Brunei.[3] Common names burrowing grainy frog[3][5] and Labang sticky frog have been coined for this species.[4]

    Description

    Males measure 21–23 mm (0.83–0.91 in) and females 26–27 mm (1.0–1.1 in) in snout–vent length. The tympanum is distinct. The finger and toe tips are rounded. The toes have basal webbing. Skin is coarsely granular. The dorsum is dark gray, without darker or lighter markings. The sides of body are orange in the groin. The venter has dusky mottling anteriorly; the belly is white.[2][4]

    Habitat and conservation

    Natural habitats of Kalophrynus subterrestris are lowland, tropical moist forests below 300 m (980 ft) above sea level.[1] They typically occur under leaf litter or in burrows (hence the specific name subterrestris).[4] The species is relatively abundant locally, but it does not occur in modified habitats; habitat loss from clear-cutting is a threat.[1]

    References

    1. ^ a b c Inger, R.; Iskandar, D.; Das, I.; Stuebing, R.; Lakim, M.; Yambun, P. & Mumpuni (2004). "Kalophrynus subterrestris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T57847A11693160. Retrieved 17 June 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ a b Inger, R.F. (1966). "The systematics and zoogeography of the amphibia of Borneo". Fieldiana Zoology. 52: 1–402. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.3147. (Kalophrynus subterrestris: p. 137–139)
    3. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Kalophrynus subterrestris Inger, 1966". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
    4. ^ a b c d Zug, George R. (2015). "Morphology and systematics of Kalophrynus interlineatus–pleurostigma populations (Anura: Microhylidae: Kalphryninae) and a taxonomy of the genus Kalophrynus Tschudi, Asian Sticky Frogs". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Series 4. 62 (5): 135–190.
    5. ^ Haas, A.; Das, I. & Hertwig, S.T. (2016). "Kalophrynus subterrestris (Burrowing Sticky Frog)". Frogs of Borneo. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
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