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Brief Summary

    Leuctridae: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    The Leuctridae are a family of stoneflies. They are known commonly as rolled-winged stoneflies and needleflies. This family contains at least 360 species.

Comprehensive Description

    Leuctridae
    provided by wikipedia

    The Leuctridae are a family of stoneflies. They are known commonly as rolled-winged stoneflies[1] and needleflies.[2] This family contains at least 360 species.[3]

    Description

    These small stoneflies can reach a length of 5–13 mm (0.20–0.51 in), but most of the species are less than 1 centimeter long. The wings are slender and cylindrical, usually dark brown in color. At rest, the wings appear to be wrapping their bodies. The adults develop in early spring, swarm, mate, and lay the eggs in the water. The slender, yellowish larvae are herbivorous, feeding on plants and organic waste.[citation needed]

    Distribution

    They have a mainly Holarctic distribution.

    Systematics

    Subfamilies, tribes, and genera include:[1]

    Leuctrinae Klapálek 1905

    Megaleuctrinae Zwick 1973

    References

    1. ^ a b Leuctridae. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
    2. ^ Malcolm Storey. "PLECOPTERA (stoneflies)". BioImages - Virtual Field-Guide (UK). Retrieved 28 January 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    3. ^ Qian, Y. H., Li, H. L., & Du, Y. Z. (2014). A Study of Leuctridae (Insecta: Plecoptera) from Shennongjia, Hubei Province, China. Florida Entomologist 97(2), 605-610.
    4. ^ Shepard, W. D. and R. W. Baumann. 1995. Calileuctra, a new genus, and two new species of stoneflies from California (Plecoptera: Leuctridae). Great Basin Naturalist 55: 124-133.
    5. ^ Stark, B. P. & Kyzar, J. W. (2001). Systematics of Nearctic Paraleuctra with description of a new genus (Plecoptera: Leuctridae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 144(1), 119-135.