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Brief Summary

    Eleutherodactylus glamyrus: Brief Summary
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    Eleutherodactylus glamyrus is a species of frog in the Eleutherodactylidae family. It is endemic to western Cuba and known from isolated populations in Sierra Maestra, in the Granma and Santiago de Cuba provinces.

    Its natural habitats are closed mesic cloud forests at elevations of 800–1,974 m (2,625–6,476 ft) asl. It is an arboreal species, but eggs are laid on the ground. Although a common in suitable habitat, it is declining in abundance. Major threat to is deforestation caused by agriculture, woodcutting, disturbance from tourist activities, and infrastructure development.

Comprehensive Description

    Description
    provided by AmphibiaWeb text

    This species is a member of the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group (Subgenus Eleutherodactylus). It has a brown or copper dorsal surface with two discontinuous black lines that follow dorsolateral folds. The dorsum is moderately tuberculate, with dorsolateral folds; the venter is moderately areolate. The flanks are yellowish with brown to black markings. The head is light brown and there is a faint brown interocular bar or triangle. In addition, some possess an X-shaped brown mark behind the interocular bar. There is a black stripe from snout to supratympanic fold, which is interrupted at the eyes. A white mid-dorsal hairline extends from snout to vent and onto each thigh along the ventral face of the shank. The venter is a translucent white; the vocal sac is yellow. The vomerine teeth, behind the coanes, are in short and straight series. Adult size is small, reaching 24 mm in females and 20 mm in males. This species is very similar to E. auriculatus; the distinction is based principally on vocalizations, call site and color of vocal sac (Estrada and Hedges 1997).

    Etymology: From the Greek glamyros, meaning "bleary-eyed" or "watery-eyed," in allusion to the misty, cloud forest habitat of this species (Estrada and Hedges 1997). Related species: E. auriculatus, E. principalis

    Eleutherodactylus glamyrus
    provided by wikipedia

    Eleutherodactylus glamyrus is a species of frog in the Eleutherodactylidae family. It is endemic to western Cuba and known from isolated populations in Sierra Maestra, in the Granma and Santiago de Cuba provinces.[2]

    Its natural habitats are closed mesic cloud forests at elevations of 800–1,974 m (2,625–6,476 ft) asl. It is an arboreal species, but eggs are laid on the ground. Although a common in suitable habitat, it is declining in abundance. Major threat to is deforestation caused by agriculture, woodcutting, disturbance from tourist activities, and infrastructure development.[1]

    References

    1. ^ a b Hedges, B. & Díaz, L. (2004). "Eleutherodactylus glamyrus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T56616A11505831. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56616A11505831.en. Retrieved 14 January 2018..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Eleutherodactylus glamyrus Estrada and Hedges, 1997". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 12 September 2015.


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Distribution

    Distribution and Habitat
    provided by AmphibiaWeb text

    This species is endemic to Cuba. It is known only from the Sierra Maestra Mountains in Eastern Cuba, primarily at elevations above 800 m. It is found in rainforests, cloud forests and pinewoods.

Trends

    Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
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    At night, these frogs situate themselves low on bushes and ferns 0.5-2 m above the ground. During the day, they can be found on leaf litter, on the ground and under stones. Individuals typically call from horizontal surfaces of leaves, although during the day they call from more concealed sites. This is a direct-developing species. In August and September, pairs in amplexus in leaf litter, and clutches beneath stones containing 6-11 eggs, have been found in the highest elevations (Pico Turquino and its environs). Vocalization consists of a “ting” note repeated continuously in long series (67-78 calls/minute). The dominant frequency is about 3.2-3.3 kHz (Estrada and Hedges 1997; Fong unpublished).