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Brief Summary

    Kuhl's creek frog: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia
    "Large-headed frog" redirects here. For the frog endemic to Hainan Island, China, see Fragile large-headed frog.

    The Kuhl's creek frog or large-headed frog (Limnonectes kuhlii) is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family.

Comprehensive Description

    Kuhl's creek frog
    provided by wikipedia
    "Large-headed frog" redirects here. For the frog endemic to Hainan Island, China, see Fragile large-headed frog.

    The Kuhl's creek frog or large-headed frog (Limnonectes kuhlii) is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family.

    Species complex

    L. kuhlii was once believed to have a broad distribution in Northeast India (Assam) and Southeast Asia, but a phylogenetic analysis in 2010 demonstrated that there were at least 16 morphologically similar, but genetically distinct evolutionary lineages subsumed under the name.[3]

    Already, several populations that were previously identified as L. kuhlii have been formally described as new species: L. fujianensis and L. bannaensis of China, L. nguyenorum and L. quangninhensis of Vietnam, L. jarujini, L. taylori, L. isanensis, and L. megastomias of Thailand, and L. sisikdagu from Indonesia.[2] The original specimen of L. kuhlii was found in Java, and that is the only area where the "true" species occurs with certainty.[2]

    Phylogeny

    Below is a phylogeny of species within the L. kuhlii species complex (McLeod, et al. 2015).[4] .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%}.mw-parser-output table.clade td{border:0;padding:0;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.8em;border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left;vertical-align:middle}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}

         

    Limnonectes kuhlii (Java)

       

    Limnonectes sisikdagu

         

    Limnonectes fragilis

           

    Limnonectes bannaensis

         

    Limnonectes namiyei

       

    Limnonectes fujianensis

             

    Limnonectes jarujini

         

    Limnonectes nguyenorum

         

    Limnonectes isanensis

       

    Limnonectes taylori

       

    Limnonectes megastomias

               

    References

    1. ^ van Dijk, Peter Paul; Iskandar, Djoko; Inger, Robert; Lau, Michael Wai Neng; Yang, Datong; Ohler, Annemarie; Lu, Shunqing; Sengupta, Saibal; Bordoloi, Sabitry (2004). "Limnonectes kuhlii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T58346A11769961. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58346A11769961.en. Retrieved 26 December 2017..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Limnonectes kuhlii (Tschudi, 1838)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
    3. ^ McLeod, D.S. (2010). "Of Least Concern? Systematics of a cryptic species complex: Limnonectes kuhlii (Amphibia; Anura: Dicroglossidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 56 (3): 991–1000. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.004. PMID 20385247.
    4. ^ McLeod, Kurlbaum & Hoang, 2015 : More of the same: a diminutive new species of the Limnonectes kuhlii complex from northern Vietnam (Anura: Dicroglossidae). Zootaxa, No. 3947, p. 201–214.
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